CHAPTER – 1
The aim of the project work is to protect the distribution transformer or any other power transformer, burning due to the overload, over temperature and input high voltage. Normally most of the transformers are burning because of these three reasons; hence byincorporating this type of monitoring and control circuits, life of the transformer can beincreased. In addition to the monitoring and control, information about these three parameters can be transmitted to the nearest electrical office where the maintenance staff of the electrical department can monitor the transformer continuously without going nearer tothe transformer. For this purpose, radio communication is utilized in this project work, sothat, due to what reason the transformer has been failed, at what time, when the power isresumed etc., can be monitored and this information can be stored in a computer at thereceiving station. With the help of this kind of system, the maintenance staff of thedepartment can have a continuous vigilance over the transformer.This is a innovative project work introduced in the field of wireless communication,in this project work micro-controller is used at the transmitting side, and computer is utilizedat the receiving end. The advantage of using micro-controller is, efficient control of each parameter can be achieved. Similarly the advantage of using computer is, the receivedinformation can be stored effectively.In this project work, for the demonstration purpose a small step-down transformer of 12V, 2amps rating at secondary is considered and these three parameters are carried over thissmall transformer. This transformer is known as TUT (Transformer under Test).