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Learn to Read Latin: Ch. 14 Outline

Learn to Read Latin: Ch. 14 Outline

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Published by Jessica Chase
Learn to Read Latin by Keller & Russell
Chapter 14 Outline
Learn to Read Latin by Keller & Russell
Chapter 14 Outline

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Published by: Jessica Chase on Jun 24, 2013
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09/17/2014

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 j    c  h  a  s  e  
Learn to Read Latin: Ch. 14
§131: Result Clauses
Subordinate clause reporting the result of an action. A result may be:an event likely to follow upon the action of a main verban event actually occurring or actually having occurredResult clauses are introduced by
ut 
and take verbs in the subjunctive based on therules of sequence.Result clauses are usually signaled by adverbs or adjectives of degree, including:ade
ō
, ita, s
ī
c, tam, t
ā
lis, t
ā
le, tantus, -a, -um, tot
§132: Relative Clauses of Result
A result clause combined with the Relative Clause of Characteristic.Uses qu
ī
/ qu
ī
n.
§133: Substantive
Ut 
Clauses
Certain verbs and verb phrases appear with
noun clauses 
called Substantive Utclauses. These clauses function as either subjects or direct objects.Common expressions that introduce these clauses:
accidit 
or
fit 
 
it happens…
fier 
ī 
potest 
 
it is able to happen… / it is possible…
efficere 
or
facere 
to bring it about… / to see to it… 
Negated by
ut… n 
ō 
n, ut… n 
ē 
ō 
,
etc.
ē 
may be used in a command or exhortation.
§134:
Fore ut 
Construction
To make an Indirect Statement containing a future passive verb, Latin uses
fore 
the future active infinitive of
sum, esse, fu 
ī 
, fut 
ū 
rus 
substantive
ut 
clause with a subjunctive verb in sequence
LEARN TO READ LATIN CH. 14
 
 j    c  h  a  s  e  
§135: Impersonal Constructions
Common regular impersonal verbs:
licet, lic
ē
re, licuit / licitum est
it is allowed, it is permitted
necesse est
it is necessary
oportet, oport
ē
re, oportuit
it is proper, it is rightImpersonal constructions can take:
subject infinitive + subject accusative
Necesse est homin 
ē 
ē 
sse cibum.
It is necessary for men to eat food.
subject infinitive + dative of Reference
Licet Domina Gaga canat.
Lady Gaga singing is permitted.
subjunctive (without
ut 
)
Oportet omn 
ē 
s d 
ē 
morte timeant.
All fearing death is proper.
§136: Genitive of Characteristic
Genitive of Possession, extended to describe characteristics.
Vocabularyl
ū
na, l
ū
nae
f.
moon
aet
ā
s, aet
ā
tis
f.
age; lifetime; time
agmen, agminis
 
n.
line (of march), column; army; multitude, throng
auct
ō
rit
ā
s, auct
ō
rit
ā
tis
 
f.
authority; influence
n
ō
men, n
ō
minis
 
n.
name
ō
s,
ō
ris
 
n.
[in sing. or pl.] mouth; face
s
ō
l, s
ō
lis
 
m.
sun
aliquis, aliquid
or
quis, quid
or
quisquam, quicquam
[indef. pron.] someone,something; anyone, anything
aliqu
ī
, aliqua, aliquod
or
qu
ī
, qua, quod
[indef. adj.] some, any
quisque, quidque / quicque
[indef. pron.] each/every man/woman, each/every thing
qu
ī
que, quaeque, quodque
[indef. adj.] each, every
spect
ō
, spect
ā
re, spect
ā
v
ī
, spect
ā
tus
to look (at), observe
accid
ō
, accidere, accid
ī
, —
to happen
effici
ō
, efficere, eff
ē
c
ī
, effectus
to make; bring about
LEARN TO READ LATIN CH. 14

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