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Alevel - AS Geography World at Risk Revision

Alevel - AS Geography World at Risk Revision

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Published by Attiya
Revision for world at risk, unit 1 for AS geography
Revision for world at risk, unit 1 for AS geography

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Attiya on Jun 24, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 World at Risk
Global hazards
A hazard is an unexpected threat to humans and or their propertyA disaster is when a natural hazard has serious effects such as large loss of life or propertyA disaster consists of 2 components-
Hazardous geophysical event e.g. flood/earthquake/tsunami-
Vulnerable population: susceptible to humans and or economic loss because of where theylive
Natural Hazard: 
factors effecting strength or level of risk-
Past recurrence intervals-
Future probability-
Speed of onset (warning)-
Areal extent
range of area effected
Vulnerable system: 
exposure, sensitivity, recurrence of:-
Land use and development-
Infrastructure and critical facilities-
Cultural assets-
Natural resources-
to do with processes ac
ting to shape the earth’s crust
to do with processes affecting and causing worlds weather-
to do with nature and history of land forms and the processes thatcreate them
Risk of disaster
do they live on a fault line/near the coast/disaster hotspot: more likely risk of disaster
people are more likely to get hurt or injured if they are indoors. Women and children aremore likely to be indoors in some parts of the world
Quality of buildings
better the quality of buildings, the more likely it will survive the hazard
wealthier people usually have better houses and can afford to live away from high riskareas
Poor quality buildings, poor disaster management plans and poor prediction abilities
Disaster trends
Impacts of natural hazards vary considerably around the world-
Asia dominates as being the continent most affected by natural hazards-
Vulnerability is a big part of the study of natural hazards
Disaster equation
Used to measure hazard vulnerability-
Hazard vulnerability = capacity of a person to cope with, resist and recover from the impactof a natural hazard
Disaster risk (D) = Hazard (H) x Vulnerability (V)Capacity to cope (C)
Vulnerability based on 3 factors:1.
People HAVE to live in dangerous places
can’t afford other places
Can’t afford to build well –
even if building regulations are enforced3.
Rapid urbanisation
forced the poor into high risk areas of cities
Case study: California and Iran Earthquake
Central California and Bam (Iran) had earthquake with magnitude of 6.5 in 2003-
Number of people killed varied between the two.-
California no. killed 2-
Bam no. killed 26000-
Bam has poor quality housing so couldn’t stand the earth
75% of houses damaged-
Leaving 100,000 people homeless-
California MEDC and can afford good buildings-
No people left homeless-
Iran women and children more likely to be indoors

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