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9. Sifat Sifat Logaritma + Operasi Aljabar Bentuk Logaritma

9. Sifat Sifat Logaritma + Operasi Aljabar Bentuk Logaritma

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Published by Diyan R Warisle

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Published by: Diyan R Warisle on Jun 25, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/06/2014

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1.
 
Tentukan/sederhanakan nilai logaritma berikut!a.
 
6 6
log4 log9
  b.
 
6 612
log72 log
 c.
 
2 213
log3 log5
 d.
 
3 2
log54 log2
 e.
 
1 12
log 1 log 1
 x x
 x x
 f.
 
4
log 3 log 7 log
a a a
 x x x
 2.
 
Jika
log2 0,301
dan
log3 0,477
tentukanlah nilai dari:a.
 
log9
  b.
 
log12
 c.
 
log60
 d.
 
log5
 e.
 
98
log
 f.
 
23
log
 3.
 
Jika
8
log5
p
, tentukan nilai logaritma berikut !a.
 
415
log
  b.
 
2
log 5
 c.
 
64
log125
 d.
 
5123
log 5
 4.
 
Jika
4 9
log3 , log8
 p q
,nyatakan logaritma berikut dalam p dan q.a.
 
4
log18
  b.
 
2 3
log 3 log64
 5.
 
Sederhanakanlah bentuk-bentuk logaritma berikut.a.
 
2 5
log25 log16
  b.
 
3 4 4
log16 log9 log3
 c.
 
9 25 16
log64 log27 log25
 6.
 
Tentukan nilai
a
jika diketahui persamaan berikut.a.
 
2 2
log2 log 4
a a
  b.
 
3 3
log 3 7 log 1
a a
 
LATIHAN
 
 1.
 
Menentukan nilai logaritmaa.
 
6 6 6
log4 log9 log 4.9
 
66 26
log36log62. log62.1 2
  b.
 
6 6 61 12 2
log72 log log 72.
 
66 26
log36log62. log62
 c.
 
2 2 21 13 3
log3 log5 log 3.
 
2132
log 3.log.1 0
 d.
 
3 3 3
54log54 log2 log2
 
33 33
log27log33. log33.1 3
 e.
 
1 12
log 1 log 1
 x x
 x x
 
121
1log11log
 x x
 x x x
1 1
 x x
1111
1log1log 11. log 11.1 1
 x x x
 x x x
 f.
 
4
log 3 log 7 log
a a a
 x x x
 
4 3 74 3 74 3 77 7
log log loglog . loglog loglog log0
a a aa aa aa a
 x x x x x x x x x x
 2.
 
Jika
log2 0,301
dan
log3 0,477
 makaa.
 
2
log9 log3
 
2.log32 0,4770,954
  b.
 
log12 log 4 3
 
log4 log32log2 log32 0,301 0,4770,604 0,4771,081
 c.
 
log60 log 6 10
 
log6 log10log 2 3 log10log2 log3 log100,301 0,477 11,778
 d.
 
10log5 log2
 
log10 log21 0,3010,699
 e.
 
98
log log9 log8
 
2 3
log3 log22.log3 3.log22 0,477 3 0,3010,954 0,9030,051
 f.
 
12
2 23 3
log log
 
1 22 31 12 21 12 2
loglog2 log30,301 log 0,4770,1505 0,23850,088
 
 
PEMBAHASAN
 
3.
 
Jika
8
log5
p
, makaa.
 
4 4 115
log log5
 
323
8 1882 28282232 23 332
log5log41. log5log21. log5log21. log5. log21..132
 p p p p
  b.
 
13
2 8 1
log 5 log5
 
113
88 38
log5log53. log53
 p
 c.
 
2
64 8 3
log125 log5
 
32
88
log53. log5232
 p
 d.
 
133
512 83
log 5 log5
 
13319
888
log5log51. log5919
 p
 4.
 
Jika
4 9
log3 , log8
 p q
, makaa.
 
343
log18log18log4
 
11231312
33 343 2 93 9
log 9 2log9 log21 1log3log3 log812. log3 log812 82.1 .3 31 18 8.3 3
 p p pq q p pq p pq
  b.
 
1122
2 3 2 3 6
log 3 log64 log3 log2
 
612121112321312
2 34 3 1214 94 2 94 9
1. log3 log221. log3 log221. log3 12. log821. log3 12. log821 2.2. log3 12. . log82 31. 8.8
 p q p q
 

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