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H1N1 Flu Virus Fact Sheet_final_20090501

H1N1 Flu Virus Fact Sheet_final_20090501

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Published by James
A fact sheet on H1N1 Flu Virus in Ontario Canada.
A fact sheet on H1N1 Flu Virus in Ontario Canada.

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Published by: James on May 05, 2009
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05/11/2014

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H1N1 Flu Virus (Human Swine Flu)
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     ©
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PublicHealthDivision
This fact sheet provides basic information only. It must not take the place of medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always talk to a health careprofessional about any health concerns you have, and before you make any changes to your diet, lifestyle or treatment.
What is H1N1 flu virus (Human Swine Flu)?
The H1N1 flu virus is a respiratory disease caused by type A influenza viruses. These viruses have beenreported to spread from person to person, but in the past, this transmission was limited.
What are the signs and symptoms of H1N1 fluvirus
 
in people?
The symptoms of H1N1 flu virus in people aresimilar to the symptoms of regular human flu andinclude fever, cough, sore throat, body aches,headache, chills, and fatigue. Some people havereported diarrhea and vomiting associated withswine flu. In the past, severe illness (pneumonia andrespiratory failure) and deaths have been reportedwith H1N1 flu virus infection in people. Likeseasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions.
How does H1N1 flu virus
 
spread?
 Spread of the H1N1 flu virus is thought to behappening in the same way that seasonal flu spreads.Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to personthrough coughing or sneezing. Sometimes peoplemay become infected by touching contaminatedobjects or surfaces and then touching their mouth or nose.
How long can someone with the flu infectsomeone else?
Infected people may be able to infect others beginning one day before symptoms develop and upto seven or more days after becoming sick. Thatmeans that you may be able to pass on the flu tosomeone else before you know you are sick, as wellas while you are sick. Children, especially younger ones, might potentially be contagious for longer  periods. This means that individuals who think theymay have symptoms should wash their hands,cough/sneeze into their sleeve and contact their doctor or Telehealth at 1-866-797-0000.
Should Ontarians wear surgical masks to avoidcatching H1N1 flu virus?
Ontarians should continue to take normal precautions to protect themselves as they wouldfrom a regular flu. Members of the general public donot need to wear surgical masks to protectthemselves against catching H1N1 flu virus.Evidence shows that this is not effective in preventing transmission of influenza in the general public. People often use masks incorrectly, or contaminate the mask when putting them on andtaking them off, which could actually increase therisk of infection.
What can I do to protect myself from gettingsick?
There is no vaccine available right now to protectagainst H1N1 flu virus. There are everyday actionsthat can help prevent the spread of germs that causerespiratory illnesses like influenza. Take theseeveryday steps to protect your health: 
Wash your hands often with soap and water,especially after you cough or sneeze. A 60%to 90% alcohol-based hand rub is alsoeffective.

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