intrinsic motivation and the types of extrinsic motivation in which people have identified
with an activity’s value and ideally will have integrated into their own sense of self”.
Thus when a person is autonomously motivated, he experiences volition or self-endorsement of his actions, compared to controlled motivation. When people areautonomously motivated, they tend to perform better and are more effective. (Deci &Ryan, 2008). Further research in autonomy has divided it into 3 constructs: cognitiveautonomy, emotional autonomy, and behavioral autonomy. Behavioral autonomy is the
capacity to act for one’s self . Emotional autonomy is the ability to feel for one’s self.Cognitive autonomy involves one’s ability to think for one’s self (Beckert, 2005).
Psychological autonomy is a crucial individual difference and developmentalachievement, according to self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 1985, 1991,2000).
According to Sheldon, “Autonomy seems a worthy construct to employ in order to assess the maturity and quality of personality functioning.” (Sheldon,2006)
. Autonomyis concerned with the experience of integration and freedom, and is essential in thefunction of a healthy human being. Compared to the controlled motivation, theautonomy orientation has been positively related to psychological health and effectivebehavioral outcomes. (Deci & Ryan, 2000).Theories in developmental psychology has addressed autonomy as an important issuein the development of a person. Erikson (1968) believed the primary psychosocial taskof adolescence is the identity formation and thus this d
evelopmental conflict “Identity
confusion”. The factors that contribute to one’s identity are cognitive skills