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Ch8_4_TrigSubstitution

Ch8_4_TrigSubstitution

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calculus review
calculus review

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Published by: Lynn Hollenbeck Breindel on Jun 26, 2013
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1
Trigonometric Substitution
 Multivariable Calculus &Single Variable Calculus Review
Chapter 8 –Section 4
8.4: Trig Substitution
Use Trigonometric Substitution to evaluateintegrals involving the radicals:Objective is to eliminate the radical in theintegrand by using Pythagorean identities:
 
2
8.4 : Trig Substitution
Example– 
Trigonometric Substitution: u = a
sin
θ 
FindSolution:First, note that none of the basic integration rules applies.To use trigonometric substitution, you should observe thatis of the formSo, you can use the substitution
 
3
Example– 
Solution
Using differentiation and the triangle shown in Figure 8.6, youobtainSo, trigonometric substitution yieldscont’d
Figure 8.6
 
8.4: Homework Problem p549 #5
 Hint: Use the substitution x= 5sinθ Use the trig identity (1-sin
2
θ= cos
2
θ).
Integral:
322
1(25 )
dx x
θ 

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