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Ch8_4_TrigSubstitution

# Ch8_4_TrigSubstitution

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calculus review
calculus review

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06/26/2013

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Trigonometric Substitution
Multivariable Calculus &Single Variable Calculus Review
Chapter 8 –Section 4
8.4: Trig Substitution
Use Trigonometric Substitution to evaluateintegrals involving the radicals:Objective is to eliminate the radical in theintegrand by using Pythagorean identities:

2
8.4 : Trig Substitution
Example–
Trigonometric Substitution: u = a
sin
θ
FindSolution:First, note that none of the basic integration rules applies.To use trigonometric substitution, you should observe thatis of the formSo, you can use the substitution

3
Example–
Solution
Using differentiation and the triangle shown in Figure 8.6, youobtainSo, trigonometric substitution yieldscont’d
Figure 8.6

8.4: Homework Problem p549 #5
Hint: Use the substitution x= 5sinθ Use the trig identity (1-sin
2
θ= cos
2
θ).
Integral:
322
1(25 )
dx x
θ