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Holderness case study.docx

Holderness case study.docx

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Published by mrstone77
Holderness is eroding very rapidly due to various factors like the rock it is made from. This creates problems for humans in this area.
Holderness is eroding very rapidly due to various factors like the rock it is made from. This creates problems for humans in this area.

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Published by: mrstone77 on Jun 26, 2013
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06/26/2013

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Case Study of Coastal Erosion and Coastal Defence:
 The Holderness Coast, NE Yorkshire Coast
 
Where is the Holderness Coast? What is the problem?
 The
Holderness Coast is on the NE coast of the UK
, facing the North Sea.
 
The coastline is mainly made up of cliffs (20-30m high), consisting of soft,
easilyeroded boulder clay
. Where the cliff line meets the Humber Estuary, a spit hasformed due to the change in the direction of the coastline - Spurn Head.
 
The
cliff line is retreating at an alarming rate - greater than 1m / yr 
(fastest ratein Europe) -
4km of land have been lost since Roman Times
, including manyvillages and farm buildings.
 
Easington Gas Station (a North Sea Gas terminal) is situated on the cliffs top andits position is under threat.
 
Why is Cliff Erosion such a problem here?
 
1. The
cliffs are made up of soft glacial material
(Boulder Clay - made up of sands and gravels).This is easily eroded by the waves and the cliffs are easily undermined.
 
2. The Holderness Coast is
very exposed
,
approaching waves have a long fetch
over the NorthSea.
 
3. The
waves are mainly destructive
- eroding the base of the cliffs (hydraulic action etc.)
 
4. Most of the Material eroded from the cliffs is washed out to sea, the rest is moved by longshoredrift - the
beaches are therefore narrow and do little to protect the coastline
. (If the beaches werewider, the waves would break on the beaches reducing their erosive power).
 
5. The coastline is threatened further by
sea-level rise.
 

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