3Cite as: 570 U. S. ____ (2013) A
, J., dissenting
A party invoking the Courts authority has a sufficientstake to permit it to appeal when it has suffered aninjury in fact that is caused by the conduct complainedof and that will be redressed by a favorable decision.
, 563 U. S. ___, ___ (2011) (slip op., at 5)(quoting
Defenders of Wildlife
, 504 U. S. 555,560561 (1992)). In the present case, the House of Repre-sentatives, which has authorized BLAG to represent itsinterests in this matter,
suffered just such an injury.In
, 462 U. S. 919 (1983), the Court heldthat the two Houses of Congress were proper parties tofile a petition in defense of the constitutionality of theone-house veto statute,
, at 930, n. 5 (internal quota-tion marks omitted). Accordingly, the Court granted anddecided petitions by both the Senate and the House, inaddition to the Executives petition.
., at 919, n.*. Thatthe two Houses had standing to petition is not surprising:The Court of Appeals decision in
, by holding theone-house veto to be unconstitutional, had limited Con-gress power to legislate. In discussing Article III stand-ing, the Court suggested that Congress suffered a similarinjury whenever federal legislation it had passed wasstruck down, noting that it had long held that Congress isthe proper party to defend the validity of a statute whenan agency of government, as a defendant charged withenforcing the statute, agrees with plaintiffs that the stat-ute is inapplicable or unconstitutional.
., at 940.The United States attempts to distinguish
at 65 (An intervenor cannot step into the shoes of the original partyunless the intervenor independently fulfills the requirements of ArticleIII (internal quotation marks omitted)).
H. Res. 5, 113th Cong., 1st Sess., §4(a)(1)(B) (2013) ([BLAG] con-tinues to speak for, and articulates the institutional position of, theHouse in all litigation matters in which it appears, including in Wind-sor v. United States).