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Table Of Contents

Problems and Solutions
Types of WDM
WDM Multiplexers/Demultiplexers
Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing
Sample DWDM Signal
DWDM: Key Issues
Capacity Expansion Options (I)
Capacity Expansion Options (II)
DWDM Advantages
DWDM versus TDM
DWDM Disadvantages
DWDM: Commercial Issues
Channel Spacing
ITU DWDM Channel Plan 0.4 nm Spacing (50 GHz)
ITU DWDM Channel Plan 0.8 nm Spacing (100 GHz)
G.692 Representation of a Standard DWDM System
DWDM System
DWDM: Typical Components
Using Interference to Select a Wavelength
Array Waveguide Grating Operation: Demultiplexing
Array Waveguide Grating Mux/Demux
Array Waveguide Operation
Typical Demux Response, with Temperature Dependence
DWDM System with Add-Drop
DWDM Performance as of 2008
DWDM System Spans
Nortel DWDM
Nortel DWDM Coupler
Sixteen Channel Multiplexing
32 Channel Multiplexing
DWDM Transceivers
Transceivers .V. Transponders
DWDM Transponders (I)
DWDM Transponders (II)
Conventional (Simplex) Transmission
Bi-directional using WDM
Bi-directional DWDM
The need for a Guard Band
Bi-directional Transmission using Frequency Division Multiplexing
Bi-directional Transmission using WDM
DWDM Test: Power Flatness (Gain Tilt)
Gain Tilt and Gain Slope
Gain Tilt Example for a 32 Channel DWDM System
Non-linear Effects and Crosstalk
DWDM Problems
Four Wave Mixing
FWM: How many Spurious Components?
FWM Components as Wavelengths
Four Wave Mixing example with 3 equally spaced channels
Reducing Four Wave Mixing
Four Wave Mixing example with 3 unequally spaced channels
Sample FWM problem with 3 DWDM channels
Solution to FWM problem
Reducing FWM using NZ-DSF
Lucent TrueWave NZDSF
Reducing FWM using a Large Effective Area Fibre NZ-DSF
Corning LEAF
ITU Channel Allocation Methodology (I)
ITU Channel Allocation Methodology (II)
ITU Channel Allocation Methodology (III)
Wavelength Introduction Methodologies
Ultra-High Density DWDM
3.28 Terabit/sec DWDM
10.9 Terabit/sec DWDM
Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplexing
CWDM Standards: Recommendation G.695
CWDM Wavelength Grid: G.694
CDWM Issues: Water peak in the E- Band
CDWM Details
DWDM Demultiplexer Spectral Response
4 Channel CWDM Demultiplexer Spectral Response
CWDM Mux/Demux Typical Specifications
CWDM Migration to DWDM
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Published by Shoaib Khalid

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Published by: Shoaib Khalid on Jun 26, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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