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Portfolio Ammad

Portfolio Ammad

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Published by Ammad Bari
portfolio 2012
portfolio 2012

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Published by: Ammad Bari on Jun 27, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Design Portfolio
MSc Structural Engineer, BSc Civil
Memberships: M.I.Struct.E, M.I.C.E, M.A.C.I, M.A.S.C.E
 Abstract:This document provides a summary of all the major projects in which the author was involved as a team leader or a group member during the last 2-3 years.
During the final term of my MSc at the University of Sheffield I was involved (and took the role of the project manager) in a group design project for the design of a commercial building. The brief itself was taken from theInstitution of Structural Engineers Chartered Membership Exam 2009 (Question 4). For the brief several structural solutions were devised composing of alternative load paths and structural systems, for which aconceptual design report was produced detailing the advantages and disadvantages of each structural system.In addition 2 presentations were also delivered by the group to other colleagues, for the conceptual and final design stage of the project.Detailed calculations were then undertaken for the chosen structural system (a concrete framed structure)according to the Eurocodes code of practice. The calculations included the design for; wind loading, continuousbeams, transfer beam, simple columns, inclined columns and member connections. Furthermore an assessment of the sway stability and robustness of the frame was carried out in accordance with EC2. Having completed the calculations for the structure, drawings and specifications were produced detailing connections and structural materials to be used both in the sub-structure and superstructure. Also a construction method statement was devised to comply with the CDM regulations, in providing acomplete solution t 
o the clients brief. In addition in meeting the government’s zero carbon target, sustainability 
issues were also considered and various schemes were incorporated into the structure, included roof mounted solar panels and blast furnace slag cement concrete.
Client’s Requirements
A seven-storey commercial building was to be designed on a square site 45.0m x 45.0m where agroup of piles forming the foundations of a previous building were discovered. Following additionalrequirements were also to be considered:
The facade at the south-east corner is to be inclined between level 2 and the roof. All otherfacades are to be vertical. All facades are required to be fully-glazed between level 2 and theroof.
To provide flexibility for building entry points, the clear distance between external columnson
Level 1 must be a minimum of 8.0m. External columns on level 2 and above, if required,must be
Evenly-spaced. No column is permitted on any level at the north-west corner of the building.
Neither external nor internal structural walls are permitted. A clear distance of at least 7.0mis required between an internal column and any other column or external enclosure. Theservice cores are to be structurally independent of the main building.
No foundations may extend beyond the site boundary.
Allowable structural floor zones are: Level 2: 1.7m ,Other levels and roof: 1.2m
A minimum fire resistance of 2 hours is required for all structural elements
Proposed Solution:
Two solutions were proposed for client, one was a steel frame with bracing system and other was aconcrete rigid frame. According to the conditions of client, the concrete building was finalised. Forthe concrete frame structure, we chose 40MPa strength concrete. The strength was furtherincreased by using GGBS (ground granulated blast slag) and accelerators to speed up theconstruction process.Two-way slabs with 250mm depth were designed, resting on beams on all sides, and then thecolumns take their load down to the piles. The grid requirements of the client were met by changingthe layout after level 1. This resulted in using transfer beam on the first floor. The transfer beam wasdesigned as a continuous beam bearing the load of a column and a secondary beam and wasanalysed using SAP 2000. The transfer beam being the most critical element was also analysed toobtain its blast resistance. The cantilever part of the building at the north-west corner wassupported with cables attached to the internal column.All the members were additionally checked for tying forces, robustness and cracking while the lateralstability of the whole building was also checked for every column. The whole building lateral stabilitywas provided by the concrete frame itself to bear a strong wind of 23m/s as lift well were to beconsidered as separate structures. According to clause 5.18 EC2 second order analysis was alsochecked.Pile foundation was suggested as the cheapest and safest solution for the building because groundwater was encountered at 2.5m below ground level. Existing piles on the site were also utilised alongwith the new ones.

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