Administration ofWilliam J. Clinton, 1998/Dec. 10
Executive Order 13107—Implementation of HumanRights Treaties
December 10, 1998
By the authority vested in me as Presidentby the Constitution and the laws of theUnited States of America, and bearing inmind the obligations of the United Statespursuant to the International Covenant onCivil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the Con-vention Against Torture and Other Cruel, In-human or Degrading Treatment or Punish-ment (CAT), the Convention on the Elimi-nation of All Forms of Racial Discrimination(CERD), and other relevant treaties con-cerned with the protection and promotion of human rights to which the United States isnow or may become a party in the future,it is hereby ordered as follows:
Implementation of Human Rights Obligations.
(a) It shall be the policyand practice of the Government of theUnited States, being committed to the pro-tection and promotion of human rights andfundamental freedoms, fully to respect andimplement its obligations under the inter-national human rights treaties to which it isa party, including the ICCPR, the CAT, andthe CERD.(b) It shall also be the policy and practiceof the Government of the United States topromote respect for international humanrights, both in our relationships with all othercountries and by working with and strength-ening the various international mechanismsfor the promotion of human rights, including,
, those of the United Nations, theInternational Labor Organization, and theOrganization of American States.
Responsibility of Executive Depart- ments and Agencies.
(a) All executive depart-ments and agencies (as defined in 5 U.S.C.101–105, including boards and commissions,and hereinafter referred to collectively as‘‘agency’’ or ‘‘agencies’’) shall maintain a cur-rent awareness of United States internationalhuman rights obligations that are relevant totheir functions and shall perform such func-tions so as to respect and implement thoseobligations fully. The head of each agencyshall designate a single contact officer whowill be responsible for overall coordinationof the implementation of this order. Underthis order, all such agencies shall retain theirestablished institutional roles in the imple-mentation, interpretation, and enforcementof Federal law and policy.(b) The heads of agencies shall have leadresponsibility in coordination with other ap-propriate agencies, for questions concerningimplementation of human rights obligationsthat fall within their respective operating andprogram responsibilities and authorities or,to the extent that matters do not fall withinthe operating and program responsibilitiesand authorities of any agency, that mostclosely relate to their general areas of con-cern.
Human Rights Inquiries and Com- plaints.
Each agency shall take lead respon-sibility in coordination with other appropriateagencies, for responding to inquiries, re-quests for information, and complaints aboutviolations of human rights obligations that fallwithin its areas of responsibility or, if thematter does not fall within its areas of respon-sibility, referring it to the appropriate agencyfor response.
Interagency Working Group on Human Rights Treaties.
(a) There is herebyestablished an Interagency Working Groupon Human Rights Treaties for the purposeof providing guidance, oversight, and coordi-nation with respect to questions concerningthe adherence to and implementation of human rights obligations and related matters.(b) The designee of the Assistant to thePresident for National Security Affairs shallchair the Interagency Working Group, whichshall consist of appropriate policy and legalrepresentatives at the Assistant Secretarylevel from the Department of State, the De-partment of Justice, the Department of Labor, the Department of Defense, the JointChiefs of Staff, and other agencies as thechair deems appropriate. The principalmembers may designate alternates to attendmeetings in their stead.(c) The principal functions of the Inter-agency Working Group shall include:(i) coordinating the interagency review of any significant issues concerning the imple-mentation of this order and analysis and rec-ommendations in connection with pursuing