American Samoa a nonvoting delegate in the U.S. House
American Samoans have served in the U.S. military since 1900 and, most recently, in thewars in both Iraq and Afghanistan.
31. In signing the 1978 legislation grantingAmerican Samoa a delegate in Congress, President Carter acknowledged the islands'contributions to American sports and culture and their role as
American political life." Jimmy Carter, Presidential Statement on Signing H.R.
(Oct. 31, 1978),
At the same time, however, American Samoa has endeavored to preserve itstraditional way
life known as
Indeed, its constitution protects the Samoantradition
ancestral lands by large, extended families:
shall be the policy
American Samoa to protect persons
Samoan ancestry against alienation
their lands and the destruction
life and language, contrary to their best interests. Such legislationas may be necessary may be enacted to protect the lands, customs, culture, andtraditional Samoan family organization
Samoan ancestry, and toencourage business enterprises by such persons. No change in the law respectingthe alienation or transfer
land or any interest therein, shall be effective unlessthe same be approved by two successive legislatures by a two-thirds vote
each house and by the Governor.Rev. Const.
Am. Samoa art.
see also Craddick
1 Am.Samoa 2d 11,
(1980); Amicus Br. at 4-5. American Samoans take pride in theirunique political and cultural practices, and they celebrate its history free from conquest orinvoluntary annexation by foreign powers. Amicus Br. at 3.
The current delegate, Eni F.
Faleomavaega, appears as Amicus Curiae in this caseopposing the plaintiffs' suit.
the Hon. Eni F.H. Faleomavaega asAmicus Curiae in Supp.
("Amicus Br.") [Dkt.
Case 1:12-cv-01143-RJL Document 24 Filed 06/26/13 Page 3 of 17