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Published by: European Southern Observatory on May 07, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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I
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im a g es c a leo f0 ,0 5a r c s e c lp ix e la t th e
N a s rn y thfo c u so f th eE S O3 .5 -m
N ew
T e c h n o lo g yT e le s c o p e .T h e e le c tro n ic s
a n dth ed a taa c q u is itio ns y s te m
a llo w
th ere c o rd in go ffra m era te su pt o1 0H z
fo rs p e c k leo b s e n ra tio n s w ithab u itt-in
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s h ift-
a n d -a d d , e tc .).T h es y s te ms e n s itiv itya t
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d e te c tio no f
K-9 .5i n=Ia r c s e c s e e in ga n d fa in te r
fo rb e tte rs e e ln g .
T h e firs to b s e rv in gru nto o kp la c eb e -
tw e e n
A u g u s t1 8
a n d
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1 8 9 1 .T h e
I
0 .2 5x0 .2 5p c , N o rthIsu pa n dE a s tt o
th er ig h t:as c a leo f1a rc s e ci sm a rk e d ).
T heim a g ei sare s u lto f=1 0 0 0 fram es
w ith0 .5s e ca n d1s e te x p o s u re tim e
-
p e r
im a g e
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th e
s h ift-a n d -a d d
m ethoda n dte nite ra tio n so ft h eL u c y
im a g es h a rp e n in ga lg o rith m ,T h ea v e r-
a g e
in s ta n ta n e o u sw in g
w as
o fth e
o rd e ro f0 .4
a r c se ca n dth e
re s u ltin g
fin a lre s o lu tio n in the im age is=
0 .2 5
arm . In the
c o m b in a tio n
o f s p a tia l
r e s o lu tio n a n ds e n s itiv ityth isim a g eb y
fa rs u rp a s s e s a n y th in ga v a ila b le t i l l now .
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0 .2 5
p a rs e c
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th eG a ta x ye m e rg ea t-
re a d ya tth is e a rly
s ta g eo f a n a ly s is .
F irs t,th elR S lB c o m p le x is re s o lv e d

in toa b u t1 5 com pact s o u rc e s , m o s t o f w h ic hm a yb eh o t m a s s iv es ta rs .Id e n - tific a tio n sa r e m a rk e d in th efig u re .S e c -

ond,w e fin dfro mre p e a te de x p o s u r e sa
K=
1 2 .5 o b je c t w ith ins
0 .2a r c s e co f
th era d io s o u rc eS g r A ',w hoselo c a tio n
a n dp o s itio n a lu n c e rta in tya rem a rk e d
byth ec ro s sinth e fig u re .T h iss o u r c e
m a yre p re s e n tth e lo n g s o u g h t-fo rin -
fra re dc o u n te rp a rt o f th e com pact ra d io
S O U rC B .
W ew o u ld lik et o th a n kt h eE S O D ire c -
to r
G e n e ra lfo r
h is
v is io n
to
a d m it
S H A R Pa tth e N ITa n d th eE S Os ta ff a t
G a rc h in ga n do nL a S illafo r th e ire x d -
le n t p r o fe s s io n a ls u p p o rta n d e n th u s ia s -
t iec o m m itm e n t.
W illL a S illa Succum bt o th eV L T ?
S .C R IS T IAN I , U n iv e rs ityo fPa d o v a ,Ita ly
C o n c e rn h a s s p re a da ro u n dth eE S O
- A
N
N
E X
I
E S O /C o u 4 4 4
c o m m u n itya b o u t th e fu tu r e o fL a S illa .
S e e in g
th e g re a tte c h n ic a le ffo rtsr e -
A v a iI a b le T elesap esa n d A u x ilia r y JQ dpm ent
q u fr e db yth eV L T , som e
p e o p lefe a r
th a t, a c c o rd in gt oth ela wof "m a n -p o w -
erc o n s e rv a tio n ", th ee ffo tts a tL aS illa
w lllb e c o r r e s p o n d in g lyre d u c e d , c a u s -
in gI nd u e
tlm ead e te rio ra tio n o f
Rs
p re s e n t q u a lifya n dd iv e r s ity . Isth isa p -
p re h e n s io nb a s e d
on
re a l-life
ex@-
e n c eo r ra th e r o n e x p e c ta tio n s ?
A n
in fo rm a lro u n d -ta b le
d is c u s s io n
to o kp la c ea tL a S illao n th is s u b je c ti n
m id -A u g u s t
1 9 9 1 .
E .
C a p p e lla r o .
B .
F o rt,P .V b na n dm ysdf w e rein v ite dt o
d is c u s sw ith
th e
D ire c to rG e n e ra l,D .
H o f& ta rtta n dJ . M e ln ie k th efu n d a m e n ts
o fth e s e a p p re h e n s io n s .I f n e g a tiv eo r
p o s itiv ec h a n g e s w e ren o te di nth e la s t
th re e ,fo u ryew s,s in c eth eV LT

d e c i- s io n ,w h a ta reth em a jo rc o n c e r n s a n d h o wc a nth ec o m m u n itys a fe g u a rdL a

S llla ?
T h e d is c u s s io ns t a r t e dw itha na n a ly -
s iso fth ep re s e n t s itu a tio n o n th e m oun-
ta in ,try in gt os in g leo u tI t s w eak p o in ts
o n th eb a s iso fth eo u tc o m e o f th eU s e rs
C o m m itte eM e e tin g
h e ld
la s t M a y .
A
g e n e ra lc o n s e n s u se x p re s s e dc o n c e r n
abw t th ep r e s e n ts ta tu so f d e te c to rs ,

b o tho p tic a l a n din fra re d ,som eo f w h ic h a p p e a rtob eo u to f d a te .T h ec a u s e s o f th isr e la tiv e ly n e g a tiv e s itu a tio n w e re a s -

c r ib e dt o
th e
ra th e rla rg enum bero f
C C D sn o win o p e r a tio na tL a S llla , p r o b -
a b lym ore th a na ta n yo th e ro b s e w a to ty
inth ew o rld ,a n din toth e d iffic u lty ,a t
b a s tt i l la
fe w
y e a rs
a g o ,
o fg e ttin g
m odem
IRd e te c to rs ,d u et o e x p o rtI I -
c e n c e p r o b le m s .T h eD ire c to r G e n e ra l,
r e s p o n d in gt oasom ew hat p e s s lm is tlc
v ie wo fP .V h n a n dB .F o rta b o u t t h e
ra teo f im p ro v e m e n t, p ro m is e d th a trn a -
jo r
e ffo r tsw ill
be
s p e n ta tth e
E S O
H e a d q u a rte rs tore p la c ea s fa s ta s p o s -
s ib leth e
b a dd e te c to rs ;i nth e
IR
in
p a rtic u la r,a
R o c k w e ll2 5 6 x 2 5 6
a rra y
th a ti s b e lie v e dt ob eo n eo f th eb e s ton
th em a rk e t,w illh ere a d ya tth ete le
s c o p e
e a rly
n e x ty e a r .A s k e d
b y
th e
W re c tw
G e n e ra la b o u tt h ew illin g n e s s
o fs o m eE u ro p e a nin s titu te st o m tri-
b u tat oas e rie so fs t a n d a r d i z e dC C D
m e r a sfo rE S O ,B . F o rtg a v eap o s itiv e
answer.
T h e c o m in gin too p e ra tio no f th eM T
h a sb e e n
u n a n im o u s lyre p o rte da sa
s m a ll- s c a lee x a m p le o fth eim p a c tth e
V L Tm ig h th a v eo nL a S illao p e ra tio n s .
Inp a rtic u la r,0 . H o fs ta d tla m e n te dth e
u n d e re s tim a tio no f th eam ounto f w o rk
re q u ire da tL aS illat o
m aketh isn e w
te le s c o p e
re a d y
fo r
com m on
users:
th m ey e a rs o fh e a v yw o rkh a v eb e e n
n e c e s s a ry .Ing e n e ra lIth a st o b ec a re
fu lly c o n s id e r e dth a tw h e n e v e ra n
in -
s tru m e n t h a sb e e n fin is h e dI nG w c h fn g
a n dI sd e liv e r e d a t th ete le s c o p e ,an o n -
n e g lig ib leam ount o fw o rk
Iss till r e

q u ire da t th eC h lle a ns itet o ta k ec a reo f a llt h o s e m o reo rl e s s im p o rta n t d e ta ils w h ic hh a v eb e e no v & & e d .

Som eo f th o s e p re s e n t n o te d th a t th e
M T
h a sa ls oa b s o rb e dp a r to f th ere -
s o u rc e so f th eA s tro n o m y S u p p o rtD e -
p a rtm e n t,a n dth ish a sr e s u l t e di nle s s
a s s is ta n c ea t t e l e s c o p e s llk eth e1 -5 -m
D a n is ho rt h e 2 .2 -rn .

D uet oth ep re s s u reo fth eV LTp r o - je c t,th eD ire c to r G e n e ra lre p o rte d2 4 p o s itio n sa tta S illa w illb e p h a s e do u to f

th ee x is tin gI4 0a v e rU w n e x ttw oa n da
lu ffy e a r s . T h isre d u c tio n w ill a ffm t p r o -
p o rtro n a llyt h ev a rio u sd e p a rb n e n ts a n d ,
t o
m a in td na n d im p ro v eth e
L aS illa
s ta n d a rd s ,ap r o c e s so f" s tre a m lin in g "
w illb en e c e s s a ry .A n im p o rta n tp a r to f
A v a ila b leT e l e s c o p e sa n d A u x ilia r yE q u ip m e n t
II
1
1 -4
#
r
\
Standard
-
-
c c a
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+vw .
I
1
T e n ta tiv eT im e -ta b leo f
C o u n c il S e s s io n s a n d
C o m m itte e M e e tin g s u n til
e n do f1 9 9 1
N ovem ber1 1-12: S c fe n tific T e c h n id
C o m m M e
N m ber1 4 -3
5 :F ln a n mC o m m itte e
N om ber2 8 -2 9 :
O b s e rv in g P rogram m es
C om m he
m
b
e
r
2-
0 :C o u n c il,ln C h ile
th es ta ff w ill b e rnw dt oS a n tia g o ,i n
th eV ita c u rap re m is e s ,w lth th ea im
o f
re d u c ln gth enum bero f p e o p leo nth e
m o u n ta ina n dt oe c o n o m ic a lly s u p p o r t
b o thL aS llaa n dV LTO b s e w a to rie s in
th efu tu re .
!= e w e rp e o p le o nt h e m o u n ta in im p ly
le s a board andlo d g in g , le s stra n s p o rt,
fe w e r
a d m in is tra tiv e
re q u ire m e n ts ,
a llo w in g
som e
e c o n o m ie s .
T h is
o f
m
ein v o lv e sac e rta in am ounto fdm -
p lic a tio n o fL a S illa : te le s c o p e s ,lik eth e
B o c h u ma n d p e rh a p s th eE S O 5& cm ,
w illb ec b d , th e num ber o fin s tru m e n t
c h a n g e o v e rs
w ill
be
re d u c e d ,
th e
s c h e d u le d
ru n s
w ill
becom e
lo n g e r.
le s sd ire c ta s s is ta n c et o th e a s tro n o m -
e r s w ill n
m
l
y im p lyth ep re p a ra tb n
o fb e tte ra n dm ored e u ile d te le s c o p e
a n d in s tru m e n t m a n u & .
O .H o rs ta d tIllu s tra te dth eu p g r a d e s
a lr e a d yta k in gp la c eo rp la n n e dfo rth e
n e x ty e a rs :th e
1 .5 -m
D a n is h
adapter
w illb e re n e w e d : th e9 0 - c mD u tc hh a sa
n e wa d a p te ra n daCCD cam era; IR A C
w lllb e u p g ra d e d ; th e p rim e fo c u s a t th e
3 ,6 -m
isa v a ila b lefo r
d ire c tim a g in g
(w h ic hc o u ldth e nb e re m o v e d fm m th e
2 .2 -m ); th efib re s p e c tro g ra p hM EFO S
w illa ls ob e in s ta lle da tth e
3 .6 -rn .A
p o s s ib le e v o lu tio n o f th et e l e s c o p e sa n d
a u x llia ty e q u ip m e n tfro m
n o wt o1 9 8 3
a n d1 9 9 6i s show ni nth re eE S Qm enus
(s e eF ig u r e s j,a c c o rd in gt oadocum ent
p re s m te db ythe D ire c to r G e n e ra lt o th e
C o u n c ll.T h e s ea reiltu sk a tio n s, n o t,a s
y e t,d e c is io n s ?
H o w e v e r,th es im p lific a tio no f th eL a
S illa in s tru m e n ta tio n ,a sre m a rk e d b yE .
C a p p e lla m ,i sav e ry d e lic a tep ro c e s s ,
e s p e c ia lly
w hen
th e
fin a l
d e c is io n s
a b o u t th ev a r lo u sin stru m en tsh a v et o
b eta k e n .M anyp e o p le ,fo re x a m p le ,
w o u ld
b e
u p s e l
If
th e
B & C
s p e c tro -
g ra p h , th eo n lyo n ea llo w in gc e rta inh -
v e s tig a tio n so f g a la x y d y n a m ic s ,i sre -
m oved fro mth e2 .2 -m ,o t h e r s w illc ryi f
C A S P E Ci sc o n fin e d toth eE S O1-5-m ,
a n de v e nJ .M e ln ic k d is a g r e e sw ith D .
'A
d tw
E
M
u s e rsa m
d n d e d th a tsu g p
t l m
a n dw rn m e n tsa r e W ew nea n d m ayln lk r
e n c eE g OW
W
.P le a s ed lr e c ly o u rF M n rn u n P
c 8 U o n st oth eM m c to r G e n e ra l.

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