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messenger-no67

messenger-no67

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Published by: European Southern Observatory on May 07, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/30/2013

N O .67-
M a rc h1 9 9 2
F IR S T8 .6 -M
G L A S S Y M E N IS C U S B L A N KFO R T H EV L T !
T h isp ic tu reshow s
th efirs t8 .6 -m
g la s s yZ E R O D U R -m e n is c u sb la n ka fte rm a c h in in ga tth eS C H O l7fa c to ry inM a in z ,
G e rm a n y . T h isb la n kh a sb e e n a n n e a le d , lifte dfro mth e m o ld , tu rn e di nas p e c ia llyd e s ig n e d tu r n in gd e v ic ea n d p u to n th e8 -m
C N C g r in d in gm a c h in e .T h e b la n ki sillu m in a te dfro mb e lo w b ytw ola m p s ;
th ey e llo w is hc o lo u ri sth a to f th eg la s s .T h e y e llo w
b a n da ro u n dth e b la n k is fo r p ro te c tio nd u rin gth em a c h in in g .
T h ec e r a m iz a tio nt oa c h ie v eth ez e roe x p a n s io n c o e ffic ie n to fZ E R O D U R isi np re p a ra tio na n d w ill la s t8m o n th s .
As e c o n d 8 .6 -mb la n kh a sa ls op a s s e dth ea n n e a lin gp ro c e s s a n disn o wb e in g m a c h in e d .Ath ird 8 .6 -mb la n k isa tp re s e n ti n
th ea n n e a lin go v e n .
A fte rc e r a m iz a tio ne a c h b la n kw ill re c e iv eac e n tra l h o lea n d w illb e g ro u n dt on e a r
th efin a lshapei t m usth a v e t o becom ea
V LTm e n is c u s - m ir r o r b la n ko f8 2 0 0m m d ia m e te ra n d1 7 7m mth ic k n e s s .
In s tru m e n ta tio n
S . D 'O d o r ic o
D e p u ty
A .M o a rw o o d
I
T h eV L T P ro g re s s e s a s its P ro g ra m m e M a n a g e m e n ti s
A d a p te d
H .V A N D E R L A A N , E S O D ire c to r G e n e ra l

E v e ry is s u e o f th is Q u a rte rly in th e la s t s e v e ra l y e a rs h a s d e m o n s tra te d th e p ro - g re s s o f th e V L T

P ro g ra m m e a n d th is o n e is n o e x c e p tio n . T h is fifth y e a r a fte r th e

g o -a h e a d
d e c is io n
o f
D ecem ber
1 9 8 7 p ro m is e s to
b e th e

la s t in w h ic h th e V L T D iv is io n , a lo n g w ith m a n y in th e A d m in is tr a tio n

a n d
m y s e lf, s p e n d
o u r
tim e
m o s tly in p r e p a r in g C a lls fo r T e n -
d e rs
a n d
C a lls
fo r
P r o p o s a ls ,
th e n
a s s e s s in g th e re s p o n s e s . B y th e e n d o f
1 9 9 1
w e
h a d
c o n tra c tu a lly
c o m m itte d
over 40%

o f th e V L T c a p ita l b u d g e t; b y th e e n d o f th is y e a r th is le v e l w ill ris e t o 7 0% ,w ith a n o th e r 1 5 %

in th e te n d e rin g
p ro c e s s . F ro m
1 9 9 3 o n w a rd s th e g re a -
te r p o rtio n o f th e
in - h o u s e e n g in e e r in g
e ffo r ts w ill c o n s is t o f m o n ito rin g
p ro b -
le m s a n d p ro g re s s o f b o th in d u s tria l a n d
in s titu tio n a l c o n tra c ts .
T h o s e w h o th in k a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n
lik e E S O c a n a c h ie v e th e d e m o n s tra te d
p ro g re s s
o f
s u c h
a
la rg e

p ro g ra m m e w ith o u t d iffic u ltie s , h a r b o u r illu s io n s . In th e

c o u rs e
o f
1991 we
h a d
p le n ty
o f
p ro b le m s to s ta y o n c o u rs e , i.e . t o m a in -
ta in
th e
s c h e d u le
a n d
c o n tin u e
w ith in
b u d g e t w h ile
re s p e c tin g

o u r s p e c ific a - tio n s . B u t s ta y o n c o u rs e w e d id , th a n k s t o th e ta le n t a n d s h e e r d e d ic a tio n w h ic h m ark E S O 's V L T te a m . W e h a d t o le t o u r p ro g ra m m e

m a n a g e r, re c ru ite d
in
in -

d u s try , g o a n d I d e c id e d a g a in s t a n o th e r a tte m p t t o fin d o u ts id e ta le n t. W e th e re - fo re

m u s te re d
in s id e
c o m p e te n c e ,
re -

s h u fflin g s o m e t o p u t " th e rig h t m e n in th e r ig h t p la c e " . T h e V L T D iv is io n is n o w h e a d e d b y M a s s im o T a r e n g h i, w h o h a s a p ro g ra m m e o ffic e s ta ff t o a s s is t h im in th e

ru n n in g
o f
th e
V LT
P ro g ra m m e .
T h re e
d e p a rtm e n ts
m ake
u p
th e
d iv i-
s io n 's
s u b s ta n c e
in
G a r c h in g :
T e le -
s c o p e
E n g in e e r in g
h e a d e d
b y
D a n ie l
E n a rd , w h o
a ls o
s e rv e s
a s
M a s s im o 's
TH E
V LT
D IV IS IO N
d e p u ty ;
In s tru m e n ta tio n ,
h e a d e d
b y
S a n d roD 'O d o r ic o , a n d E le c tr o n ic s S y s -
te m s , h e a d e d b y
M a n fre d
Z ie b e ll. T h e
V LT
c o n s tru c tio n
m a n a g e r is

P e te r d e J o n g e , w h o r e c e n tly m o v e d t o C h ile a n d w ill o v e r s e e a ll a c tiv itie s inE S O 's P a r a - n a l a re a . T h e C o n tra c ts a n d P ro c u re m e n t D e p a rtm e n t, h e a d e d b y R o b e rt F is c h e r, is th e V L T 's p r im e lin k t o t h e A d m in is tr a - tio n .

T h e
s c ie n c e
o p tim iz a tio n
o f
th e
V L T 's d e s ig n a n d c o n s tru c tio n p ro g re s s
is
th e
r e s p o n s ib ility
o f
th e
V LT
P ro -
gram m e
S c ie n tis t,
J a c q u e s

B e c k e rs , w h o re p o rts d ire c tly t o m e . T h e s e s e n io r s ta ff a n d th e ir d e p u tie s a re m e n tio n e d in th e a c c o m p a n y in g d ia g ra m . N o t s h o w n b u t v e ry a c tiv e ly p re s e n t is a V L T

D iv i-
s io n
s ta ff
o f
som e
s ix ty
p e o p le
w ho
th riv e
o n
th e
c h a lle n g e t o
b u ild
E u ro -
p e a n a s tro n o m y 's
m o s t a m b itio u s
o b -
s e rv a to ry y e t.
- 1
P r o g r a m m e S c ie n tis t
J .M . B e c k e rs
I
T e le s c o p e E n g in e e r in g
D .E n a rd
D e p u ty
F. M e r k le
n
V LTN ew s
M .T A R E N G H I, E S O
D u rin g
th e
la s t
fe w
m o n th s ,
m a jo r
in g
a s
s c h e d u le d . T h e
p h o to
o n
th e
in c lu d in g
te s ts
o n
a
4 -m
s p in - c a s t
m ile s to n e s to w a r d s
th e
c o m p le tio n
o f
fro n tp a g e illu s tra te s th e p ro g re s s o f th e
Z e ro d u r, c a rrie d o u t d u rin g th e p a s t fe w
th e firs t 8 .2 -m V L T m irro r to o k p la c e . A t
a c tiv ity a n d g iv e s th e firs t v is u a l im p re s -
y e a rs b yS C H O lT e v e n b e fo re th e V L T
S C H O T T th e p ro g ra m m e o f c a s tin g a n d
s io n o f th is n e w d o m a in in m irro r te c h -
c o n tr a c t w a s s ig n e d , h a v e m a d e it p o s -
m a c h in in g o f th e 8 .6 - m b la n k isc o n tin u -
n o lo g y . A
lo n g
s e rie s o f e x p e rim e n ts ,
s ib le
t o
c o n tro l
th e
p ro c e s s .
I n
th e
c o u rs eo fth em a c h in in go f th is m irro ri t
w as
p o s s ib let o
te s t
e x te n s iv e ly
th e
h a n d lin go fth e s ela rg eg la s s d is k s .
A t
R E O S C
th e
p re p a ra tio n sn e c e s -
s a ry
t o
r e c e iv eth e
firs tb la n k
inth e
s p r in go f 1 9 9 3 a rec o n tin u in g .T h ecom -
p le tio no fth en e w fa c to rya n d th ein s ta l-
la tio no fth ep o lis h in gm a c h in e sa rep re -
s e n te di nF ig u re s1 -5
w h ic hw e reta k e n
a ro u n dm id -J a n u a ry1 9 9 2 .T h eR E O S C
b u ild in gw asd e s ig n e dt o
fu lfilla llth e
te c h n ic a ln e e d s fo rth ep o lis h in go f th e
8 -m
m irro rs
b u ta tth e
sam e
tim e
i t
re p re s e n tsa nin te re s tin ga n dfu tu ris tic
a rc h ite c tu ra l a c h ie v e m e n t.
/
T h e
h ig hto w e r
c o n ta in s
a
s e c o n d
to w e rd e ta c h e dfro m
th ee x te rn a lo n e
o nto p
o fw h ic ha llth e
in te rfe ro m e tric
,
in s tru m e n tsfo rth eo p tic a l te s tso f th e
I
m irro r w illb elo c a te d .G re a tc a rew as
F ig u re1:G e n e ra l v ie wo fth es h o p w ithth e 3 2 -mto w e r.
In th efo re g ro u n d a reth e m e e tin g 'r o o m
ta k e n
av ib r a tio n
O f
th e
in n e r
a n dth eo ffic e s .O nth is p ic tu re , th e s u n s h ie ldi su n d e r a c h ie v e m e n ta n d th eto w e rh a s n o tb e e n
a n d
th ea ir
th e
to ~ p e dw ithth e4 -mdom e.
o p tlc a lp a th .T h e
la rg e1 0 -m
e n tra n c e
d o o ra n da3 6 -to n c ra n ein s ta lle din s id e
F ig u re2 :T h ew id th o f th ee n tra n c ed o o r
L U
L r r en c u o b
Id G IU rY
I S
I U
rn e rre s .
F ig u re3 : M illin g b rid g e . T h is b r id g e , w h ic hh a safre e s p a no f9m e tre s , w ill b ein s ta lle d o v e r th e
g r in d in gm a c h in ero ta tin gta b le .T h e p ic tu reshow sth ec o m p u te r-c o n tro lle d c a rria g ew h ic h
b e a rsth e m illin gh e a d .
th eb u ild in g w ill a llo we a s ya c c e s so fth e
tra c k tra n s p o rtin g th e m irro rb o xa n d th e
h a n d lin go fth e m irro rs.In s id e th eb u ild -
in g , tw o m illin gm a c h in e sm a n u fa c tu re d
b y IN N S E(Ita ly )a n daro b o tm a n u fa c -
tu re db yS O C O F R A M a re b e in gin s ta lle d
a n d a ree x p e c te dt ob e te s te di nas h o rt
tim e .T h e e x is teiiii c e o flw om a c h in e s w ill
a llo wth eg r in d in ga n dp o lis h in go f th e
tw om irro rsi np a r a lle l r e d u c in gc o n s id -
e ra b lyth ed e liv e r y tim e .
O nA p ril2 4 th e8 -ms h o p w illb e in a u -
g u ra te db yth e
F re n c hM in is te ro f R e-
s e a rc h , M r.H u b e rt C u rie n .Afe ww eeks
la te r th e8 .2 -m
c o n c re te dum m y w ill a r-
r iv ea tR E O S Ci ni t s tra n s p o rtb o x a fte ra
jo u rn e yfro m
D u n k ir kt oP a r is .T h isw ill
b eag o o d te s t fo r th ed iffe re n t tra n s p o rt
p h a s e so n ro a d sa n d rim e rs.T h edum m y
w illb eu s e dt ote s tth e h a n d lin go f th e
m irro r w h ilei nth efa c to ry .L a te ro n th e
sam edum m vw illb eu s e dt ote s tth e
m irro rc e lla n d w illp ro b a b lyb es e n tt o
C h ilefo rth efirs t in te g ra tio no fth ete le -
s c o p e .
A s
re p o rte di nth e
la s tis s u eo fth e
M e s s e n g e r,th efirs to fas e r ie so f e x p lo -
s io n st ore m o v e s o il to o kp la c eo nP a ra -
n a l; th isw ass e e n by th eC o u n c il m em -
b e rso nth e irv is itt o
th es u m m it.T h e
a c tiv itie so f le v e llin go f th em o u n ta ini s
c o n tin u in ga t fu lls p e e da n da b o u t h a lf
th em a te ria lh a sb e e n re m o v e d .A n a rti-
c le
a b o u tth e
g e o lo g y
o fth e
a re a
is
in c lu d e d
in
th e
c u rre n tis s u e
o fth e
M essengera n do n th eb a s iso f g e o lo g i-
c a la n a ly s e s it w asd e c id e dt ore m o v e
2 8mfro mth e s u m m iti no rd e rt oo b ta in
a
la rg e
p la te a ut o
a c c o m m o d a teth e
V LTin s ta lla tio n .
T h e fin a l c o n fig u ra tio no fth eV LTs ite
isi nth ep ro c e s so f b e in gfro z e na n d w ill
ta k ein toc o n s id e r a tio na llth e s c ie n tific
a n d te c h n ic a l a s p e c ts re q u ire db yap ro -
je c to f th isd im e n s io n .P a r tic u la r a tte n -

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