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messenger-no69

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Published by: European Southern Observatory on May 07, 2009
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02/01/2013

ITH E
M E S S E N G E RI
N o .6 9- S e p te m b e r1 9 9 2
N TT R e m o te O b s e r v in gfro mlta ly
A .B A L E S T R A ,P .S AN T IN ,G . S E D M A K ,A s tro n o m ic a l O b s e rv a to ryo f T rie s te ,lta ly
M .C O M IN ,G. R A F F I,A .W ALUNDER,E SO
1 . In tro d u c tio n
R e m o teo b s e n rin g(R O )fro m
E S O -
G a rc h in gi sb yn o waw e ll-e s ta b lis h d
s e a ic ep ro v id e d fa r th eu s e rcom m unity
b y Em .S ofa ri th a sb e e nc o n c e r n e d
w ith
in s tru m m blo c a te de ith e ra tth e
C A T
o ra tth e2 .2 -m
te le sc o p ea tI A
S illa ,
o p e ra te d
fro m
G a rc h in g
sh ce
1 9 8 7 .T h ea d v a n ta g e so f th is o b m in g
m odein c lu d ere d u c e dtr a v e ltim e s , th e
T h em aing o a lso fth ec o lla b o r a tio n
w e re :
T h es tu d y .d e s ig na n dirn p le m e n ta -
tia no fap o rta b lek it,in c lu d in gfia rd -
w a rea n d s o h a re fo rm o teo b s e r-
v a tio n sw ith
th eE S O
N lTfro m
a
E u ro p e a n astronom ical in s titu te .
T h ed e fin itio n
o fth e
h a rd w a rea r -
c h lte c tu nfo rth eR Oc o m p u te rn e t-
w oka n d c o m m u n ic a tio n system .
me
im p le m e n ta tio n
of
a
"second"
g e n e ra tio no fROs o ftw a re ,b a s e do n
U n Ixa n dw o rk s ta tio n sh a rd w a re .A n
im p o rta n t p a rto ft h l sw as th ee x te n -
s io no f th ere a l-tim ed a ta b a s eo ft h e
toag e o g n p h id lyd ls tritw td
p o s s ib ilityt o accom m odate s h o rte ra n d
re g u la rlo n g -te rm
m o n ito rin go b s e rv in g
p ro g ra m m e s ,th ep o s s ib ilityfo rs tu d e n ts
top a rtic ip a tei nth eo b s e rv a tio na n d th e
fa c ilitie s(p e o p le ,I lb r a r ya n d c o m p u te rs )
n o rm a flya v a ila b lei n
a
E u ro p e a na s -
tro n o m ic a lin s titu te11] .
Ino rd e rt oc re a tean e wre m o teo b -
s e n rin ge n v iro n m e n tfo rth eEM M la n d
S U S linstrumentso n th eN 7T te le s c o p e ,
a
c o lla b o ra tro nw ith
th e
A s tro n o m ic a l
O b s e w a to ryo fT riH e , Ita ly ,w as s ta rte d
In1 9 8 9 .T h eT d e s teO b s e rv a to ryh a sa
k q
e x p e rie n c eI nh a
fie ld
of
U n ix -
b a s e dw o rk s ta tio n sa n do nd is trib u te d
m v iro n m e n ts .
T h e
p ro je c t
w as
b a s e d
on
th e
p h ilo s o p h yo fam u lti-te le s c o p e , m u lti-
in s tru m e n ts y s t e ma d d r e s s e db ym any
u s e mi np a r a lle li nefte x lb las c h e d u lin g
e n v iro n m e n tc o m p a tib lew itht h ea u to -
m a ttce x e c u tio no f c o m p le xo b s e rv in g
F ig u reI;A S W IM IW S
a n d w 's itw si nth eT rle s te re m o te o b s m tn g m m-d
n
gd u rin gsIa n g
pqram m es.
N T T exppsum .
? sf
La S IlIaO bservatory
E S O
IIe a d q u a rta rs
A stm n o d d
In stitu te s
C h ile
& m o te
C ontrol C e n tw
Ilm n oteO
k ln gS ito sI . . #
G erm any
E um pn
V o ic e
' \
MTTlo c a l
c o n tr o l
s y s to m
L E V E L0
LEVEL
1
L E V E L2
F lg u m2 :B lo c k& gram
o fc o m m u n b tio ns y s te m ,
te le s c o p e /in s tru m e n t
p a fa m e te n '
d a ta b a s e@ ? o a t).
I
Thea v a ila b ilityo f t h e sam es o ftw a re
a n dfe a tu re s fo rre m o te o b s e n rin g
b o tha tth e
firs t
le v e ls ite
(E S O -
G a rc h in g )a n da tas e c o n dle v e ls l t e
(u s e r'sIn s titu te ).
W h ileth ec o m p l& ed e v e lo p m e n ta f
th ep r o j e c t to k
th re e
y e a rs ,th efirs t
m ile s tc n ew as
r e a c h e d
w ith
t b
d e-
vdopm m ta n dte s t o fth ere m o teo b -
s e w in gs y s te mo f firs tle v e l inG a rc h in g
T h is
s p te rn
Isn o w
inth e
fin a lte s t
phase andtb e*ra tio n
te a m
Isb e in g
W nd.
R
isfo re s e e nt o
o ffe rro u tin e
re rrro teo b s e rv in g
fro m
E S O -G a re h ln g
on th eM T w ith EM M W SI W in gi n
A p ril1 9 9 3 .
M e a n w h ile , th ere te v a n th a r d w a r e h a d
b e n p ro c u re da n ds e v e r a lte s isto o k
p la c a ,w hiba rra n g e m e n tsw e rem ade
fo rth ein s ta lla tio no f th e 6 4k b p sP nk
fro mG a rc h in gt oT rle s W .
T h e fin a l m llestb n ew as re a c h e d w hen
th es e c o n dle v e l rem o teo b s e lv ln gru n
tookp la c e ,f r o mth e9 t ht oth e1l t ho f
J u n e1 9 9 2 ,atth eA s tro n o m ic a lO b a e r-
v a to ry
of
T rie s te ,
Ita ly ,
d u r in g
th re e
n ig h tsd lo c a te dfo rre m o teo b s e rv a tlm
w ithth e
W ITte le s c o p e .T h e
p re s e n t
a rtic le re p o rko nth ere s u b o fth is ru n ,
w h ic hp ro v e d M at th echam nc o n c e p t
a n dim p le m m ta tIo n w e ren o tlu st w o rk -
in gb u ta lre a d yq u iter e lia b le a t th ep r e s -
e n t s ta g &T h es y s tw n was in fa c tU S A
fo ra b o u t3 0h o u rs fo r
d
m ro n o m ic a l
o b m a tlo n s
b yate a m
o fe ig h ta s -
tro n o m e rs .
T h ea imo f th isp ro je c tw asn o t s lm p ly
tob u ildarem ote o b m n rin g e n v iro n m e n t
fo r th e M T,b u trig h t fro mth eb e g in n in g
Itw asc o n c e iv e db yE m
t os e rv ea sa
p ilo tp ro je c tfo rth eV L T .
Inp a rtic u la r
n e w
c o m p u te rte c h n o lo g ie s ,m
a
w
(u s e rin te rfa c e ,o n - lin e d a ta b a s e s )a n d
o p e ra tio n a l
p ro c e d u re s
s h o u ld
b e
te s te d ,w h ic h are of Im pattam e fo r th e
V LTo o n tm ls y s te mIng e n e ra la n d n o t
o n lyfo rre m o teo b s e rv a tio n s .
lli sf o r e s e e nt o
re p e a tth es e c o n d
le v e lre m o ta a m w i n gru nfro m
o th e r
in s titu te si nE u ro p e ,p o T tln g t oth e mth e
s e t-u p ,w h ic hh a sb e e np ro d u c e da sa
re s u lt:o fth e E S O -A O Tc o lla b o r a fio n a n d
le a s in g jo in tlyalin kt o G a rc h in g .
2 .S y s te mA rc h ib e tw e
2.1# a tL e v e l R e m o te O bservin g
E S O -G a rc h ln g
Isp e rm a n e n tly Iln k e d
t oL a S illav iaa6 4k b p s le a s e d s a te lllr e
lin k1 2 1 .D u rin gre m o teo b s e rv in g # h e
b a n d w id thi s s u b d iv id e d ,u s in g tim ed l-
v is lo n
m u ltip le x in g ,
Intoth re e
p a r a lle l
c h a n n e ls .Av o ic e c h a n n e l Im p le m e n tsa
p o in t-to -p o in tv o ic e
lin k
b e tw e e nth e
n ig h ta ssista n tatth eM
la n dth ere -
m o teo b s e n re ratE S O -G m h in g .Av id -
e oim a g ec h a n n e la tlo w s th e re m o teo b -
sew ert os e le c to n ev ld e os o u rc e(e .g .
fie lda c q u b itio n , d ltv ie w e r)fo r tra n s fe r
in s lo w - s c a n - te le v is io nm ade.D m
t o
the fa dth a tv id e oIm ages o b t a l n db y
th e
a c q u W tio ncam w asa r e
n o rm a lly
v e ry
s lm p le ,c o n s ts tin go fo n ly
afe w
s o u ^
on
a
b la c kb a c k g ro u n d ,th e
c o m p re s s io na lg o rith mw o rk sv e ry w e ll.
U s in gab a n d w id tho f 1 2k b p s th en o r-
m al fra m ere p e tltlo nra te Iso n e fram e

e v e ry3s e c o n d s . T h is m a k e sR p m l b l e t o use thev id e oim w s y s te ma sfe d - b a c kfo r in te ra c tiv ec o n tro l,0 .g .o f f s e t -

tin gth et e l e s c o p e ,e v e n w henth ev id e o
im a g es y s te mi su s ln go n lyo n ef i f t ho f
th ea v a ila b leb a n d w id th . T h ir d ly ,ad a ta
c h a n n e lc o n n e c tsth e
lo c a la
m
n et-
w o rk so f E S O -G a rc h in ga n dL a S iltav ia
ro u te rs .Ad e d ic a te d lo c a l a re an e tw o rk
(L A N )h a sb e e nc r e a t e da t\u20acSO -G m h-
in gfo rre m o te o h w in g . T h is n e tw o rk
usesa= p a ta te
Interfaceo n th ero v te r,
w h ilea ll o th e rn o d e s c o n n e c te dt oth e
g e n e ra l IA Nu s ea n o th e rin te rfa c e .A n y
d is tu rb a n c e so nth eg e n e ra lIA N
a re
th e re b yis a la te dfro m
th e
re m o te o b -
s e rv in gn e m
.
A
d e d ic a te d
ro o m
at
\u20ac S O -Q m h in g
hasb e e n a llo c a te da sth eN ITre m o te
c o n tro l ro o m .I t h o u s e s th ere m o tec o n -
tro l s ta tio na n dc a reh a s b e e nta k e nt o
c re a tea n e rg o n o m ic k s ta lla tia n .T h ew
m o tec o n tro tc o m p u te ri sa U n ixw o rk -

s ta tio ns u p p o r t e db yt w oa d d itio n a lX te r m in a ls . N o r m a llyo n eo f th e s eXsta- tio n s isa llo c a b dt ote le s c o p ec o n tro l,

one
to

in s tru m e n t c o n tro l a n do n et o q u io k lo o ka d im a g e p m c e d n gu s in g M ID A S .A la r g ev id e am o n ito r d is p la y in g

v id e oim a g e sis in s ta lle da b o v eth e
3(
te rm in a ls .A tb o the n d s o fth ec a n tro l
s ta tio n1 saP C ,w h ic hth eu s e r n o r m a lly
doesn o t in te ra c tw lthv e r y o fte n . O ne is
fo rv id e oc o n tro la n dth eo th e rfo rr e -
a e iv in g
m e te o
d a ta
f r o m
th e
G O E S
s a te llib .
L a s tly
a
m o v a b lev o ic e
u n it
cw rta in F n gam ic ro p h o n ea n d a
to u d -
speaker im p le m e n ts access to th ev o ic e
system.
The N l llo c a lco n tro ts y s te mtsbaw d
o n
tw o
m a inc o m p u te rs
ru n n ln gth e
R T E -Ao p e ra tin gsystem .I na d d ia na
U n Ixw w k s ta tIo n
Isu s e dfo rs c ie n tific
d a taa c q u is itio n .T h e m a inc h a ra c te ris -
tics ofth es o ftw a rea rc h ite a u rna rea
d e c o u p lln gofth ec o n k 1 1ta s k s fro mth e
u s e r in k fa c eb y m eanso fad a ta b a se
a n dacom m andh a n d le r .T h ed a t a b a s e
a n d
com m andh a n d le r, to g a th e r w ith
th eT C P A Pp ro to c o ls u it,p ro v ld e sth e
s o ftw a reb rid g e b e tw e e nth e
1-
1
a n d
rem ote s ite s .
T h e re m o te c o n tro l s o ftw a rea rc h ite c -
t u r eb d is c u s s e d in d d l In(3 1a n d o n ly
sb r ie f o v e r v Wi sg iv e nh e r e .T h ed a d -
b u te d
d a ta b a s e(X p o o l),im p le m e n te d
a c c o rd in gbth ed
msenrerm odela n d
u s in gTC Ps o c k e ts ,a llo w sre m o tere a d
a n dw rltea c c e s s .R is re s p o n s ib le fo r
p r w id in g& u s
In fo rm a tio nt ~t h er e -
motec o n tro l c o m p u te r mandt oa llo wd e -
fin il5 o no fs e t-u pp a ra m e te rsfro mth e
re m o te
c o n tro l c o m p u te r.T h e
com -
m andh a n d le r, Im p le m e n te d Inas lmtla r
w ay,
is ~ p o n s lb leforro u tin gcom -
m ands,
re p tie s
a n d
a s y n c h ro n o u s
s ta tu s
a n d
a lm
m essages
b e tw e e n
p ro c e s s e sr e s id in go n
d iffe re n th o s ts .
T h e s e t w o m e c h a n is m sa llo wa fu lly In -
te ra c tiv e m o te c o n tr o l, p r o v id in g th e
re m o teu s e r w ithth esam e fu n c tio n a lity
a v a ila b le lo c a lly a tL a S illa .
S c in tlfic d a tah a n d lin g m akesu s e -o f
F ig u re8 :T h e\u20acSO -G arching re m o fem n frd tm .
sta n d a r d n e tw o rkfa c ilitie s , re m o te s h e ll,
ftpa n d th eXp ro to c o ltotra n s fe r a n d lo r
d is p la ys c ie n tificd a ta .I tta k e sa b o u t
o n ern ln u tet o d is p la ya n im a g e ,fn d e -
p e n d e n to f d e te c to rs lre , inas ta n d a rd
M ID A S d ls p la y w in d o w
usingth eXp r o -
to c o l.A c tu a l tra n s fe ro fth era wd a ta
ta k e sb e tw e e n3a n d7 m in u te s fo ra
lk x lk
fram e,d e p e n d in g
o n
a
u s e r
s e te c ta b bc o rn p m io na lg o rith m .
T h eU s e r In te d a c e1 6 1 b a s e do nth e
P e g a s u sp a c k a g ed e v e lo p e d a t C FH T,
ln te rfa o e st ot h e s eo th e r p a c k a g e s .I t
ru n so n top of O S W M o tif a n d u s e s s ta n -
d a rdw id g e tsfo r d a ta p re s e n ta tio n a n d
u se r
In te ra c tio n s .
It
is
c o m p le te ly
m n fig u ra b binth e s e n s eth a t e v e ry th in g
th a ta p p e a rso nth es c rm na n d a s s o c i-
ated
co n tro la d o n s
are
d e s c rib e di n
s im p le A S C llf i l e s .
2 2S e c o n d L evelR e m o teO b s e w in g
T h es e c o n d le v d h a rd w a re a n ds o ft-
w a rec o n fig u ra tio n h a sb e e n d e v e lo p e d
w lthth ea imo fim p le m e n tin g as y s t e m
a b let o m a n a g e re m o te o b s e rv a tio n so n
am u lti-te le s c o p e , m u lti-in s tru m e n ts y s -
te m
fro m
E u ro p e a n

a s tro n o m ic a l in - s titu te s , a n d a llo w in g th e m a ln c o n tro l c e n treo f E S O -G a re R In gth e fu ll c o n tro l o f th ere m o te o p e ra tio n s1 4 1 . T h eb a sic th re e -c h a n n e l h a rd w a re c o n fig u ra tio n is

a ls om a in ta in e d fo rs e c o n d le v e l re m o te
o b s m in g .F u ll c o m p a tib ility
w ithth e
R rs tle v e la n d

u s e r fr ie n d lin e s s a re ,o f c o u rs e ,p rw id e d . S in c e m o re th a no n e in s tru m e n t c o u ld b ea c tiv e inth eg e n e ra l

a r c h ite c tu r e ,m u ltip les e c o n d a ry le v e k
arefo -n

inth e o v e ra ll c o n fig u ra tio n in o r d e rt o a llo w fle x ib le s c h e d u lin g .T h e p o s s ib ilityo f m a n a g ln g re m o teo b s e r v a -

U o n sfro m
m a re
secondary
le v e ls
on
m o re te le s c o p e si s th e re fo rea n a tu ra l
e x te n s io no f th es y s te m .
S irro e
th e
d a ta
c h a n n e l
c o n n e c ts
computersa lre a d yo p e ra tin g ,in m o s t
c a s e so nn e tw o r k s ,tw o b r id g e s a llo w
ane a s yw ayt oc o n n e c t th eL A No fth e
firs tle v e l w ithth eL A N o fth e s e c o n d
o n e .
A
s in g le
R e m o te
C o n tro lIA N ,
c o m p re h e n s iv eo f a ll th eth re e le v e ls , is
thuso b ta in e da llo w in ga n e a s ie r u s eo f
c o m p u tin g fa c ilitie s .F u t u r e e x te n s io no f
th isc h a n n e lto m u ltip les e c o n dle v e ls is
m lgM fw w a rd .
V o ic ea n dv ld m
c h a n n e t,e v e nt fd e -
v o te dt od iffe re n t u s e s ,c a nb e tre a te din
th e sam ew ay, d n e e th e o r ig in a l s ig n a ls
th e y
h a v et o
m anagea rein tr in s ic a lly
a n a lo g o u s , T h isfa c t, o n th eo th e r h a n d ,
a d d e d
a
fa w
m ow
p ro b le m st o
th e
c h a n n e l
m a n a g e m e n t.
T h e
e le c tr ic a l
a n d c o m m u n ic a t~ o np r o to c o lso fth es e -
ria llin e s(th e s e c h a n n e lsa r eg e n e r a lly

im p le m e n te d a c c o r d in gt oX .2 1o r V .2 4 s ta n d a rd s )d e fin eap o in t-to -p o in tlin k in s te a d

of a
d is trib u te de n v iro n m e n t.
T h e re fo re ,I nth e sim p lest c o n fig u ra tio n ,
v o ic e a n dv ld e oc h a n n e lsd ire c tly c o n -
n e c tz e role v e lw ith
the
s e c o n d le v e l

o b s e rv in gs ite . H o w e v e r,a d ire c tc o n - n e c tio nb e tw e e n th ez e r oa n dfirs t le v d is r e q u ir e d to a llo w c o m m u n ic a tio n sb e -

tw e e nn ig h ta s s is ta n tsa n dth e
E S O -
G a rc h in g
c o n tro lc e n tre ,
In
o rd e r
to
m a in ta lnas im p le h a rd w a rec o n fig u ra -
tio n ,as o ftw a re s o lu tio n(S U N ta lk ) w as
T e r ita tiv e T im e ta b la
o fC ouncB SeW ans
a n d&m m W e
M dngs
w
l 2
- 1
9
W W tW b'F-
hnndnw s
N oW W TI~-?~% r~ # c 4 m n $ lt&
M w n k -2 7
Q bsw hh
g m
e s m
-
-1 4
C a ld
A U ~ w a r*p lB Q e R & & n g .
kim p le m e n te d . Inth e p e r s p e c tiv e o f m u l-
tip le s e c o n d le v e ls .a d ls trib u tio n b o a rd
fo rs e rla l lin e sh a s tob efo r-n .
T h elin k c o n n e c tin gfirs t a n ds e c o n d
le v e ts i t e s s h o u ld h a v ea b a n d w id tho f a t
le a s t
8 4
b p s
ino rd e rt o
c o m p le te ly
m anage a ll th re ec h a n n e ls . I na m u ltip le -
s itec o n fig u ra tio n , w h ileth efirs tt os e c -
o n dle v e llin e s w iltm a in ta in t h isb a n d -
w id th ,th em ain lin kb e tw e e nth ez e ro
le v e l a n dth e
firs to n e w illo b v io u s ly
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