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Can Slums be Shrink By M. Nirmal Reddy

Can Slums be Shrink By M. Nirmal Reddy

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This Article Presented in National Seminar by the Scholar. Thanks to Dr Reddy for open it for public for its use.
This Article Presented in National Seminar by the Scholar. Thanks to Dr Reddy for open it for public for its use.

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Published by: Appan Kandala Vasudevachary on Jun 28, 2013
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04/13/2014

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CAN THE SLUMS IN HYDERABAD BE SHRINKED?A study of the causes for the growth of slums andsuggestions for their shrinkage
*
Dr. M. Nirmal Reddy
*
*
 
United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has observed thatrapid urbanization will be one of the most important phenomenatransforming developing Countrieseconomies over the next thirty fiveyears
1
. It is admitted that Urban Development is inevitable an more andmore people will have to take up non-agricultural occupations. For this it isnot necessary for people to migrate to cities if we can only create non-agricultural jobs in the rural areas itself. This we have not been able to do.As a result, people continue to on-rush towards cities
2
.Polarization of Urban growth in metropolitan cities, and the consequentenvironmental pollution, increasing urban poverty, and local governmentfragmentation in the face of continuing metropolitization pose greaterchallenges to the governing capabilities of the developing countries
3
. The city ward migration is one of the most important contemporarysocial phenomena. A multiplicity of factors like rising aspirations, appallingpoverty and oppressive social structure in the country side and, on the otherside, better facilities for education and medical aid, search for ‘Eldora do’ andthe glamour image of the city fostered by the media contribute to thischange of habit. Whether it is ‘push’ or pull or both, one cannot say with anycertainty.This led to a very serious of problems of growth of slums. Most of theslum dwellers are actually surplus labourers and also masses of rural to urbanmigrants. The slum dwellers eke out their miserable living and some howsurvive in poor urban informal sector
4
.
* Paper presented in a UGC & ICSSR(SERO) Sponsored Two day National Seminar on Urbanization inIndia: Problems and prospects , 24-25
th
January,2009 organized by the Department of Economics, OsmaniaUniversity, College for Women, Hyderabad.*
**
Reader in Economics, MKR Government Degree College,Devarakonda, Nalgonda District,AndhraPradesh.1 International Review of Administrative Sciences (SAGE, London, Newbury Park and New Delhi) Vol.58(1992) pp 519-5372 MULKH RAJ, “ Sustainable urban development” Nagarlok, Vol.XXIV, No.14, October-December,1992)3 V. GNANESWAR, “ Sustainable urban development, The metropolitan challenge” Nagarlok,Vol.XXIV, No.4, October-December,1992)4 Shekar Mulkharaj, “Poverty induced migration and urban involution in ESCAP Region” Paper presentedat UN-ESCAP expert group meeting in linkages between poverty and population, Bangkok,
1
 
The present study is a modest attempt to identify the factorscontributed to the growth of slums in Hyderabad and solution for shrinkageand disappearance of the slums as offered by the slum dwellers. Towards thisend, the following objectives are set for the study. They include (1) to identifythe determinants of the growth of slums in Hyderabad (2) to understand theperceptions of the slum dwellers with reference to their suggestions to makethe slums to shrink. 120 slum dwellers are selected as sample respondentsfrom Addagutta and Borabanda slums of Hyderabad District. Samplerespondents are selected mostly by adhering to the principle of stratifiedrandom sampling method. The data are collected directly from therespondents by administering a pre-designed questionnaire /schedule. Thefollowing is the list of factors which contributed for the growth of slums andlist of suggestions as perceived by the sample respondents. The presentstudy is divided into two sections viz., Section-A and Section-B . Section-Adeals with the perceptions of sample respondents with regard to the factorswhich contributed to the growth of slums. Section-B deals with thesuggestions offered by the slum dwellers to shrink the slums.FACTORS CONTRIBUTED TO THE GROWTH OF SLUMS
1.
Poverty
2.
Un-employment
3.
Exorbitant rates of rent in other areas
4.
Living with similar socio-economic status
5.
Huge Migration rate
6.
Proximity to work station
7.
Preference to stay with their near and dear
8.
Low cost of living
9.
Prefer to live in similar culture and value systems
10.
Inadequate transport systemSUGGESTIONS FOR SHRINKAGE AND DISAPPEARANCE OF SLUMS
1.
Rapid growth in city economy
2.
Wage employment
3.
Studies
September,1995,pp.1-45)
2
 
4.
Housing
5.
Loan
6.
Meal services
7.
Public baths
8.
Overnight accommodation
9.
Child care
10.
Education services for poor children
11.
Medical services Employment
12.
Slum specific development initiatives  THE MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY ARE AS FOLLOWS;
Majority of the respondents are relatively young. (Refer Table-1)
Most of the sample respondents belonged to socially down troddencommunities. (Refer table-2)
95.8 per cent of the sample respondents are found to be from pooreconomic class. (Refer to Table-3)
3/4 of the sample respondents have felt that it is due to their povertythey are forced to stay in slums. (Refer Table-4)
Most of the sample respondents have felt that they stay in slums dueto their unemployment . (Refer Table-5)
78.3 per cent of the respondents have opined that due to theprevalence of exorbitant rates of rent in other surrounding areas theyare forced to stay in slums. (Refer Table –6).
 The growth of slums is due to the attitudes of people who preferred tolive with the people of similar socio-economic status and it is endorsedby 86.7 percent of the respondents. (Refer Table-7)
Huge migration rate from Rural and urban to Metropolitan cities isidentified as a factor which contributed to the growth of slums and it isfelt by majority of the respondents. (Refer Table-8)
Since the slum is very close to their work place 76.7 per cent of therespondents preferred to stay in a slum. (Refer Table-9)
85 per cent of the respondents have stated that they preferred to staywith their near and dear hence they are staying in the slum. (Refer Table-10).
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