3Note: the NSS data on consumption expenditure were collected in 1987-88 usinguniform reference period (URP) of one month for all commodity groups. In case of 1999- 2000, different reference periods were used for commodity groups andhence the term mixed reference period (MRP) fro 1993-94, information has beenpresented by both the reference period for facilitating comparison.Source: the estimates are based on unit record data pertaining to 50ht and 55
rounds of consumption expenditure survey of the national sample surveyorganizationAs neo classical economists view urban centers as the engines of growth for theregion or the country. Concentration of population and economic activity inspace has been considered crucial fro leveraging certain external economics thatprovide a base for improvement in efficiency, technological innovation andaccess to global market. The fact that growth impulses originates from the citiesand towns is supposedly confirmed by the fact that per capita urban income isgenerally higher than that of rural areas. The data support for this in Indiancontext is not very robust since income data with rural urban break-ups are notavailable at regular basis. Some important attempts are made to provide suchbreaks- ups it was mention in the task force on urban development which hadestimated that urban income exceed rural by 182 percent in 1980-81(GOI1983)
. The Patten of urban growth across states is significantly different from that of the level of urbanization. Since independence until 1991, the development statesthat have high percentage of people in urban growth has however beenregistered in relatively underdeveloped sate are Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan,Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. This implies that the relation ship between urbangrowth and economic development is generally negative. However some of thedeveloped states like Maharashtra and Haryana are exceptions as they recordurban growth rates higher than the country average. The detail is given in tablenumber 2.
Table number -2Pattern Of Urbanization And Growth Of Urban Population AcrossStates/ UTsPercentage UrbanPopulationAnnual ExponentialGrowth Rate
Sl.No State19711981199120011971 1981991 to