million cities would touch the mark of 622 where 43 per cent of thepopulation is accepted to live in urban areas. Hong Kong and Singapore(each100 %) are high urbanized areas in the world, against Trinidad, Tobagoand Uganda, (each 12%). Mumbai is the largest Metropolitan city in Indiawhich occupies fifth place in the world ranking with a population of 16.43million, which is expected to occupy the second place (population wise) by2015. Added to this Delhi (16 million) and Kolkatta (13.8 million) also findplace in the list of 10 metropolitan cities in the world. The State of TamilNadu (43.86%) is highly urbanized in the country where Bihar (10.47%) isleast urbanized. Karnataka finds Sixth place in the country in respect of urbanization.
With the above realities in mind, the present Paper attempts at a brief discussion of the issues related with
and shall deal with the
the aggravating situation in India based on secondaryinformation.
Urbanization is not only indicator of economic development but alsocreates problems of different nature such as urban poverty, unemployment,growth of slums, housing shortages, congestion, overcrowd as linked withtransport and land inadequacies, environmental population, road accidentsetc. Also, insufficient open space, rapid development of illegal residentiallayouts are identified and recognized as urban problems in developed as wellas developing countries with increased urbanization.Mainly, increased urbanization results in the following:1.Urban Poverty2.Urban Unemployment3.Emerging New Slums4.Environmental Impacts5.Housing Crisis