This issue of the
Earth Negotiations Bulletin
© <firstname.lastname@example.org> is written and edited by Jennifer Allan, Beate Antonich, Asheline Appleton, RishikeshRam Bhandary, Kati Kulovesi, Ph.D., Elena Kosolapova, Ph.D., and Eugenia Recio. The Digital Editor is Leila Mead. The Editor is Pamela S.Chasek, Ph.D. <email@example.com>. The Director of IISD Reporting Services is Langston James “Kimo” Goree VI <firstname.lastname@example.org>. The SustainingDonor of the
is the European Commission (DG-ENV). General Support for the
during 2013 is provided by the German FederalMinistry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), the Ministry of Environment of Sweden, the New Zealand Ministryof Foreign Affairs and Trade, SWAN International, the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN), the Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs,the Japanese Ministry of Environment (through the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies - IGES), and the United Nations EnvironmentProgramme (UNEP). Funding for translation of the
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Earth Negotiations Bulletin
Published by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)Vol. 12 No. 580Monday, 17 June 2013
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A Reporting Service for Environment and Development Negotiations
Online at http://www.iisd.ca/climate/sb38/
SUMMARY OF THE BONN CLIMATECHANGE CONFERENCE: 3-14 JUNE 2013
The Bonn Climate Change Conference, which took place inGermany from 3-14 June 2013, comprised the 38th sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) and SubsidiaryBody for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA). Theresumed second session of the
Working Group on theDurban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP 2) also convened.Approximately 1480 government delegates, 900 observers and30 media representatives attended the meeting.SBI 38 was characterized by an agenda dispute concerninga proposal by the Russian Federation, Belarus and Ukraine tointroduce a new item on legal and procedural issues related todecision-making under the Conference of the Parties (COP)and Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of theParties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP). Underlying the proposalwas their dissatisfaction with the decision-making process atthe UN Climate Change Conference in Doha in 2012. Whilerecognizing the importance of the issue, other parties opposedconsidering it as a new SBI agenda item. Instead, a proposalwas made to consider the issue as part of the SBI agenda itemon arrangements for intergovernmental meetings. This wasunacceptable to the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Belarus.As no solution to the dispute was found, the SBI was unable tolaunch substantive work in Bonn. Many were disappointed withthe outcome and concerned about the implications for COP 19and CMP 9 to be held in Warsaw in November 2013.SBSTA 38 had a busy agenda and swiftly began workingthrough it. The various SBSTA negotiating groups wereallocated more negotiating time slots than usual given that nosubstantive negotiations formally took place under the SBI.SBSTA 38 achieved what many saw as good progress,
, on reducing emissions from deforestation and forestdegradation in developing countries and the role of conservationand enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+), and severalmethodological issues.The resumed ADP 2 was structured around workshopsand roundtables on Workstream 1 (2015 agreement) andWorkstream 2 (pre-2020 ambition). No agreement was reachedon establishing one or more contact groups to move part of the work to a more formal setting. Many, however, felt thatswitching to a negotiating mode will be important to ensure thatthe ADP makes progress in future sessions.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE UNFCCC AND THEKYOTO PROTOCOL
The international political response to climate change began with the adoption of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1992, which setsout a framework for action aimed at stabilizing atmosphericconcentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) to avoid “dangerousanthropogenic interference” with the climate system. TheConvention, which entered into force on 21 March 1994, nowhas 195 parties.In December 1997, delegates to the third session of theConference of the Parties (COP 3) in Kyoto, Japan, agreed to aProtocol to the UNFCCC that committed industrialized countriesand countries in transition to a market economy to achieveemission reduction targets. These countries, known as AnnexI parties under the UNFCCC, agreed to reduce their overallemissions of six GHGs by an average of 5% below 1990 levelsin 2008-2012 (first commitment period), with specific targetsvarying from country to country. The Kyoto Protocol enteredinto force on 16 February 2005 and now has 192 parties.
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