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Streetlight Policy and Design Guidelines, February 2013

Streetlight Policy and Design Guidelines, February 2013

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This report is an update of District of Columbia Streetlight Policy and Design Guidelines which provides a framework for a uniform streetlight policy throughout the City. The original document was published in 2005 by the District Department of Transportation (DDOT) which has been used by the District for the past several years for all new projects. This updated report takes into account the changes in technology and practices of DDOT over recent years. This report encompasses research on technology, design principles, and policies; review of existing DDOT practices; and recommendations for implementation.
This report is an update of District of Columbia Streetlight Policy and Design Guidelines which provides a framework for a uniform streetlight policy throughout the City. The original document was published in 2005 by the District Department of Transportation (DDOT) which has been used by the District for the past several years for all new projects. This updated report takes into account the changes in technology and practices of DDOT over recent years. This report encompasses research on technology, design principles, and policies; review of existing DDOT practices; and recommendations for implementation.

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Published by: District Department of Transportation on Jun 28, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/18/2013

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 District of Columbia
S
TREETLIGHT
P
OLICY
 
AND
 D
ESIGN
G
UIDELINES
 
District Department of Transportation
55 M Street, SE, 4
th
Floor Washington, DC 20002February 2013
District Department of Transportation 
d.
District Department of Transportation 
d.
 
GOVERNMENT
OF THEDISTRICT OF
COLUMBIA
DEPARTMENT
OF
TRANSPORTATION
* * *
d.
Office
of
the
Director
February
14
,2
013
I
am very pleased to announce the completion
of
the
reVISIon
of
the
District
of
ColumbiaStreetlight Policy and Design Guidelines.
The original document published in2005by theDistrict Department
of
Transportation (DDOT) has been usedby theDistrict forthepastseveral years. This revision alignstheguidelines withchangesintechnology,updated
DDOT
practicesand government initiativesonmaximizingenergy-efficiency. Streetlighting in urban areassupportsmultiple objectives. Its primary objective is to provide thelight necessary for safe passage
of
motorists
and
pedestriansatnight.
In
addition,it is animportant aesthetic element
of
thestreet furnitureandits appearance oftenrepresents the significanceand history
of
thearea.Washington is the nation'scapitalwith its characteristic magnificent buildings and many historicareas. Pierre-Charles L'Enfant designed theCity'Sbasic layoutandplan,withfeaturesfrom the Capitolbuilding to parks.
In
terms
of
theCity'Simportance,it houses theUS Capitol,the White House,theSupreme Courtand many other importantgovernmentbuildings and national landmarks. This uniquenessandhistoricalsignificance
of
the Citymust bereflectedthroughall aesthetic elementsincluding the appearance
of
streetlights.
I
amconfidentthattheuse
of
this documentwill ensure that
DDOT
meets its commitmentstopreserving the aesthetics needs
of
theCitywhilepromotingthesafety
of
the citizens.Sincerely,Terry BellamyDirectorDistrict Department
of
Transportation
District Department
of
Transportation
I
55
M Street,
SE,
Suite 400, Washington,
DC
20003
I
202.673.6813
I
ddot.dc.gov
 
District of Columbia Streetlight Policy and Design GuidelinesFebruary 2013 i
T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
 
E
XECUTIVE
S
UMMARY
....................................................................................................... ES-1
 
1.
 
I
NTRODUCTION
....................................................................................................................1
 
2.
 
B
ACKGROUND
I
NFORMATION
.............................................................................................2
 
2.1
 
Definitions.................................................................................................................. 2
 
2.1.1
 
Optics ............................................................................................................. 2
 
2.1.2
 
Streetlight Hardware ...................................................................................... 5
 
2.2
 
AASHTO Roadway Lighting Requirements ............................................................. 6
 
2.3
 
Light Sources ........................................................................................................... 12
 
2.4
 
Poles ......................................................................................................................... 15
 
2.5
 
Photosensor .............................................................................................................. 16
 
2.6
 
Streetlight Remote Monitonring System ................................................................. 17
 
2.7
 
Globes ...................................................................................................................... 17
 
2.8
 
Lateral Distribution Patterns .................................................................................... 17
 
2.9
 
Pole Placement Configurations ................................................................................ 18
 
2.10
 
Cutoff Fixtures ......................................................................................................... 19
 
3.
 
E
XISTING
DDOT
 
P
RACTICE
.............................................................................................21
 
3.1
 
Poles ......................................................................................................................... 21
 
3.2
 
Lamps ....................................................................................................................... 25
 
3.3
 
Wattage .................................................................................................................... 26
 
3.4
 
Illumination Levels .................................................................................................. 26
 
3.5
 
Special Requirements............................................................................................... 26
 
4.
 
I
LLUMINATION
S
TANDARDS
R
ECOMMENDATIONS
...........................................................27
 
4.1
 
General Standards for Illumination Levels .............................................................. 27
 
4.2
 
Other Standards and Design Criteria ....................................................................... 28
 
4.2.1
 
Uniformity Ratios ........................................................................................ 28
 
4.2.2
 
Veiling Luminance Ratios ........................................................................... 28
 
4.2.3
 
Vertical Light Distribution Patterns ............................................................. 29
 
4.2.4
 
Lateral Light Distribution Patterns .............................................................. 29
 
4.2.5
 
Minimum Light Pole Spacing ...................................................................... 29
 
4.2.6
 
Sign Lighting ............................................................................................... 29
 
4.3
 
Lighting Illumination of Special Areas.................................................................... 30
 
5.
 
G
ENERAL
H
ARDWARE
R
ECOMMENDATIONS
...................................................................31
 
5.1
 
Overview of Major Changes .................................................................................... 31
 
5.2
 
Miscellaneous Issues ................................................................................................ 32
 
5.3
 
Factors Influencing the Hardware Selection ............................................................ 32
 
5.3.1
 
Context ......................................................................................................... 33
 
5.3.2
 
Historic significance .................................................................................... 33
 
5.3.3
 
Significance of street.................................................................................... 35
 
5.3.4
 
Location of electrical power line ................................................................. 38
 
5.4
 
Exempt Locations .................................................................................................... 38
 

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