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Geometric Progression,sequences & series revision notes from A-level Maths TutorRatings: (0)|Views: 3,875|Likes: 7

Published by A-level Maths Tutor

A geometrical progression or series is one where one term divided by a previous term will give a constant number - called the 'common ratio'.Here you will find proofs of the summation of terms and the geometrical mean, along with a number of worked examples.

A geometrical progression or series is one where one term divided by a previous term will give a constant number - called the 'common ratio'.Here you will find proofs of the summation of terms and the geometrical mean, along with a number of worked examples.

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/15060002/Geometric-Progression-sequences-series-revision-notes-from-A-level-Maths-Tutor

05/11/2014

text

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Sequences & Series

Pure Maths

topic notes

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Geometrical Series

Geometrical series structureA geometricall series starts with the first term, usually given the letter '

a

'. For eachsubsequent term of the series the first term is multiplied by another term. The term is amultiple of the letter '

r

' called 'the

common ratio

'.So the series has the structure:where

S

n

is the sum to '

n

' terms, the letter '

l

' is the last term.The common ratio 'r' is calculated by dividing any term by the term before it.The

nth term

(sometimes called the 'general term')is given by:Proof of the sum of a geometrical seriesNB an alternative formula for r > 1 , just multiply numerator & denominator by -1

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Sequences & Series

Pure Maths

topic notes

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Example #1In a geometrical progression the sum of the 3rd & 4th terms is 60 and the sum of the 4th& 5th terms is 120.Find the 1st term and the common ratio.

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Sequences & Series

Pure Maths

topic notes

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Example #2What is the smallest number of terms of the geometrical progression2 + 6 + 18 + 54 + 162 ...that will give a total greater than 1000?

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

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