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Geometric Progression,sequences & series revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor

# Geometric Progression,sequences & series revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor

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A geometrical progression or series is one where one term divided by a previous term will give a constant number - called the 'common ratio'.Here you will find proofs of the summation of terms and the geometrical mean, along with a number of worked examples.
A geometrical progression or series is one where one term divided by a previous term will give a constant number - called the 'common ratio'.Here you will find proofs of the summation of terms and the geometrical mean, along with a number of worked examples.

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05/11/2014

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Sequences & Series

Pure Maths

topic notes

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Geometrical Series
Geometrical series structureA geometricall series starts with the first term, usually given the letter '
a
'. For eachsubsequent term of the series the first term is multiplied by another term. The term is amultiple of the letter '
r
' called 'the
common ratio
'.So the series has the structure:where
S
n
is the sum to '
n
' terms, the letter '
l
' is the last term.The common ratio 'r' is calculated by dividing any term by the term before it.The
nth term
(sometimes called the 'general term')is given by:Proof of the sum of a geometrical seriesNB an alternative formula for r > 1 , just multiply numerator & denominator by -1
A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Sequences & Series

Pure Maths

topic notes

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Example #1In a geometrical progression the sum of the 3rd & 4th terms is 60 and the sum of the 4th& 5th terms is 120.Find the 1st term and the common ratio.
A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Sequences & Series

Pure Maths

topic notes

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Example #2What is the smallest number of terms of the geometrical progression2 + 6 + 18 + 54 + 162 ...that will give a total greater than 1000?
A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com