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Table Of Contents

Glycol-Based Ice Storage Systems
Building Cooling Load Profile
On-Peak and Off-Peak Periods
On-Peak Cooling with Ice
On-Peak Cooling with Chiller and Ice
Peak Shaving versus Load Shifting
Downsizing the Chiller
Potential Benefits
Ice Storage Tank
Freeze Rate and Melt Rate
Impact of Temperature and Flow Rate
Impact on Chiller Efficiency
Condenser Relief
Heat-Transfer Fluid
Freeze Point
Heat-Transfer Properties
Impact on Chiller Performance
Design Process
1.Define the Mission
2.Determine Ice Storage Capacity
On-Peak Cooling Requirement
On-Peak Cooling with Ice Only
Hourly Energy Analysis
3.Select Storage Tanks and Chillers
Minimum Freeze Rate
Maximum Melt Rate
Balance Tanks and Chillers
Fluid Flow Rate and Freeze ΔT
Tank Approach
Types of Compressors
Conventional Cooling Mode
Additional Daytime Cooling Capacity
Small Air-Cooled System
Large Water-Cooled System
Downstream or Upstream?
Ice Tanks Downstreamof Chiller
Ice Tanks Upstreamof Chiller
Intermediate Heat Exchanger
System Control
System Operating Modes
Identify Controlled Components
Provide Cooling with Chiller Only
Provide Cooling with Ice Only
Provide Cooling with Chiller and Ice
Freeze Ice Storage Tanks
Freeze Tanks and Provide Cooling
System Off
Completed Tactical Control Table
Strategic Control Table
End of Freeze Mode
Overlapping Operating Modes
Ice Melts Too Slowly
Ice Melts Too Quickly
Optimal Ice Melt Rate
Coincidental Loading
Tactical and Strategic Control
Review—Period One
Review—Period Two
Review—Period Three
Review—Period Four
Review—Period Five
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Ice Storage System

Ice Storage System

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Published by 82540
Ice Storage Systems - Training Manual
Ice Storage Systems - Training Manual

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Published by: 82540 on Jun 29, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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