- Arrival of Portuguese - They first occupied the lowcountry Sinhalese areas in the south west of the Island.1621-Jaffna Tamil Kingdom fell to the Portuguese (morethan a century later).
- Dutch occupied areas which were under Portuguesecontrol.
-Treaty of Amiens - Dutch possessions ceded to theBritish.
- The Sinhalese Kandyan Kingdom in the central partsconquered by the British, having annexed the TamilVanni Kingdom in the north.
The European Colonial Era1505 to 1815