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Writing the Research Report

Writing the Research Report

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Published by Carlo Magno
This is a simple booklet that provides a guide on how to write empirical reports for pubication
This is a simple booklet that provides a guide on how to write empirical reports for pubication

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Published by: Carlo Magno on Jun 29, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Writing the Research Report
 For Experiments, Nonexperiments, and Scale/Test development  Involving Quantitative Analysis
Carlo Magno
Writing the Research Report: For Experiments, Nonexperiments, and Scale/Testdevelopment Involving Quantitative AnalysisPublished by Academic Scholars Publishing House , Sydney, Australiahttp://academic-publishing-house.com/ISBN 978-981-024-855-3Copyright © 2012 by Carlo Magno All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or performed in any form or byany means without the written permission of the copyright owner 
The abstract is composed of 150 to 200 words thatsufficiently summarize the study including the purpose,theoretical background, methods, results, and furtherimplications/conclusions of the study.
Start the abstract with the purpose of the investigationfollowed by its theoretical or conceptual support.
Explain succinct processes of the method of the study thatwill provide an idea to the reader what was done in thestudy.
The number of participants, questionnaire, andanalysis can be mentioned for nonexperiments.
The number of participants, conditions of theindependent variable, specific design, andinstruments can be mentioned for experiments.
The number of participants, number of pretestingcan be mentioned if a scale or a test is developed.
Main points of the results are described giving way toimplications made in the study.
The Problem and Literature Review1. Introduction
Set the background of the study by explaining relevantinformation directly leading to the proposed researchquestions.
Describe the status of past research in the area underinvestigation that will eventually lead to the presentresearch questions.
The variables under study can be defined and adescription on how the variables related to each other.
If variables are to be correlated, explain relevantinformation and basis that allows the variables tobe correlated.
If groups will be compared on certain variables,enough basis for the comparison should beimmediately presented.
If one variable is proposed to affect another, basisfor the direction of the effects are described.
If a measure for a variable will be constructed,provide the need to construct the scale or test.
 Justify why is there a need to conduct the present study.
Present gaps from past research.
Mention the contradictory findings.
Explain the rationale why the variables needfurther investigation.
Tips in structuring the Introduction:
Structure the introduction from broad to specific ideas.
Open a general statement about the variables under studyreferring to people
s behavior. This opening statementshould be a practical event or processes that describe themain idea of the study.
This opening statement is made more concrete and statedin research terms in psychology as the readers are furtherlead in introducing the research questions.
The definitions of the main variables of the study can bepresented and how they are related (correlation,comparative, or causal).
After establishing the conceptual relationship (correlation,causal, or comparative) of the variables under study,present the justifications for conducting the study. Theauthor may focus on the gaps, contradictions, andrationale for the variables that will be investigated.
End the introduction by stating the specific purpose of thepresent study or specific hypothesis.
2. Review of Related Literature
Provide a discussion of relevant studies within the frame
of the studies’ purpose
and evaluate these studies.
Authors are encouraged to use research references thatare published in refereed publications.
The reviews presented should coherently describe thecurrent context of studies related to the research question.
Avoid plagiarism, rewrite or paraphrase statements takenfrom references and cite the original author.
The review should clearly state the theoretical premises ofthe study.
A literature review may compare studies in terms ofassumptions about the research question,method, analysis, and conclusions drawn.
Do not enumerate studies, organize them according to themain point you want to make about the study.
Assert the ideas or themes that will directly provide basisfor the research questions and support this with relevantpast studies and explanations.
If there is a large body of work in the present researchdone, or several variables under study, it is best toorganize the reviews by putting subheadings.
If variables are correlated, or variables are used to predictanother, provide past reviews that support the intendedrelationships.
If groups are compared, provide reviews that show thedifference of the groups compared.
If one variable is proposed to affect another, providereviews that demonstrated the causal direction.
If there are several reviews are shown, synthesize thereviews by:
Put together same ideas/results from differentstudies.

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