Present gaps from past research.
Mention the contradictory findings.
Explain the rationale why the variables needfurther investigation.
Tips in structuring the Introduction:
Structure the introduction from broad to specific ideas.
Open a general statement about the variables under studyreferring to people
s behavior. This opening statementshould be a practical event or processes that describe themain idea of the study.
This opening statement is made more concrete and statedin research terms in psychology as the readers are furtherlead in introducing the research questions.
The definitions of the main variables of the study can bepresented and how they are related (correlation,comparative, or causal).
After establishing the conceptual relationship (correlation,causal, or comparative) of the variables under study,present the justifications for conducting the study. Theauthor may focus on the gaps, contradictions, andrationale for the variables that will be investigated.
End the introduction by stating the specific purpose of thepresent study or specific hypothesis.
2. Review of Related Literature
Provide a discussion of relevant studies within the frame
of the studies’ purpose
and evaluate these studies.
Authors are encouraged to use research references thatare published in refereed publications.
The reviews presented should coherently describe thecurrent context of studies related to the research question.
Avoid plagiarism, rewrite or paraphrase statements takenfrom references and cite the original author.
The review should clearly state the theoretical premises ofthe study.
A literature review may compare studies in terms ofassumptions about the research question,method, analysis, and conclusions drawn.
Do not enumerate studies, organize them according to themain point you want to make about the study.
Assert the ideas or themes that will directly provide basisfor the research questions and support this with relevantpast studies and explanations.
If there is a large body of work in the present researchdone, or several variables under study, it is best toorganize the reviews by putting subheadings.
If variables are correlated, or variables are used to predictanother, provide past reviews that support the intendedrelationships.
If groups are compared, provide reviews that show thedifference of the groups compared.
If one variable is proposed to affect another, providereviews that demonstrated the causal direction.
If there are several reviews are shown, synthesize thereviews by:
Put together same ideas/results from differentstudies.