But victims' rights advocates have long argued that the potential of being subjected to apolygraph test discourages victims from reporting that they were raped."Passage of the new polygraph law is one important step toward creating a new climate of respectful treatment for victims of sexual violence," said Maud Easter, the executive director of the New York State Coalition Against Sexual Assault. "Polygraph tests have symbolized theclimate in which victims do not come forward because they do not expect to be believed."Mr. Pataki said polygraph tests were particularly unreliable in rape cases because of theemotional turmoil victims experience."As empirical studies show," he said, "the emotional responses manifested by victims of sexualassault as they relive harrowing attacks during polygraph tests commonly result in falseconclusions that they are lying."
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