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1 Effect of Microsilica- 600 on the Properties Of

1 Effect of Microsilica- 600 on the Properties Of

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Published by prjpublications
The main objective of this experimental investigation is to find out the effect of addition of
Microsilica in the preparation of waste plastic fibre reinforced concrete and to study the workability and
strength characteristics of waste plastic fibre reinforced concrete (WPFRC). The strength characteristics
viz., compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength, impact strength and workability
characteristics are found for WPFRC when Microsilica-600 is added in different percentages viz, 0%, 2%,
4%, 6%, 8%, 10% and 12% respectively by weight of cement. Waste plastic fibres having an aspect ratio
50 (thickness = 1mm, length = 30mm and breadth = 5mm) were added at the rate of 0.5% (by volume
fraction). The results show that up to 10% Microsilica-600 can be added by weight of cement into WPFRC,
without adversely affecting the compressive strength and with advantage in other strength properties
The main objective of this experimental investigation is to find out the effect of addition of
Microsilica in the preparation of waste plastic fibre reinforced concrete and to study the workability and
strength characteristics of waste plastic fibre reinforced concrete (WPFRC). The strength characteristics
viz., compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength, impact strength and workability
characteristics are found for WPFRC when Microsilica-600 is added in different percentages viz, 0%, 2%,
4%, 6%, 8%, 10% and 12% respectively by weight of cement. Waste plastic fibres having an aspect ratio
50 (thickness = 1mm, length = 30mm and breadth = 5mm) were added at the rate of 0.5% (by volume
fraction). The results show that up to 10% Microsilica-600 can be added by weight of cement into WPFRC,
without adversely affecting the compressive strength and with advantage in other strength properties

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International Journal of Civil Engineering Research and Development (IJCERD), ISSN 2228-9428(Print)ISSN 2248 – 9436(Online), Volume 1, Number 1, January – April (2011)
 
1
EFFECT OF MICROSILICA- 600 ON THE PROPERTIES OFWASTE PLASTIC FIBRE REINFORCED (WPFRC) CONCRETE -AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION
Dr. Prahallada. M. C.
Professor, Department of Civil Engineering,, Christ University Faculty of Engineering, Bangalore-560074 (Karnataka), INDIA. Email:mcprahallada@yahoomail.com
 Dr. Prakash. K. B.
Professor, Dean for PG and Research, Department of Civil Engineering, K L E’SEngineering College and Technology, Belgaum-560058, (Karnataka),INDIA. Email:kbprakash04@rediffmail.com
 Abstract:
The main objective of this experimental investigation is to find out the effect of addition of Microsilica in the preparation of waste plastic fibre reinforced concrete and to study the workability andstrength characteristics of waste plastic fibre reinforced concrete (WPFRC). The strength characteristicsviz., compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength, impact strength and workabilitycharacteristics are found for WPFRC when Microsilica-600 is added in different percentages viz, 0%, 2%,4%, 6%, 8%, 10% and 12% respectively by weight of cement. Waste plastic fibres having an aspect ratio50 (thickness = 1mm, length = 30mm and breadth = 5mm) were added at the rate of 0.5% (by volumefraction). The results show that up to 10% Microsilica-600 can be added by weight of cement into WPFRC,without adversely affecting the compressive strength and with advantage in other strength properties.
Keywords:
Fibre reinforced concrete, Waste plastic fibres, Microsilica-600,
 
Strength and workabilitycharacteristics
1.0 INTRODUCTION:
The fibre reinforced concrete is a composite material consisting of cement paste,mortar or concrete with fibres like asbestos, glass, plastic, carbon or steel. Such fibre reinforced concretemay be useful when a large amount of energy has to be absorbed (Ex: In explosive loading), where hightensile strength and reduced cracking are desirable, or even when conventional reinforcement cannot beplaced because of the shape of the member.
 
However, the addition of fibre in the brittle cement and concrete matrices can offer a convenient,practical and economical method of overcoming their inherent deficiencies of poor tensile and impactstrengths, and enhance many of the structural properties of the basic materials such as fracture, toughness,flexural strength and resistance to fatigue, impact, thermal shock and spalling.The field of concrete technology is advancing at a faster rate. Many inventions in the field of concrete technology have expanded the horizon of the construction industry. These new inventionsfacilitate to produce the requisite concrete of required nature and property. Many wastes, which areproducing environmental pollution, are also finding an effective place in the preparation of concrete. Thus,by using these wastes, which are causing environmental pollution one, can produce concrete that is havingthe desirable properties.One such waste, which is causing the environmental pollution, is the plastic. The plastic is a non-biodegradable/non-perishable material. The plastics will neither decay nor degenerate either in water or insoil. In turn it pollutes the water and soil. The plastic if burnt releases many toxic gases, which are verydangerous for the health. Such plastic can be used in concrete in the form of fibres to impart someadditional desirable qualities to the concrete.Another environmental pollutant viz. Silica fume is an amorphous powder which when added withOPC increases the strength and durability of concrete. It also reduces the permeability of concrete andimproves the abrasion and erosion resistance.
 
IJCERD
© PRJ PUBLICATION
International Journal of Civil Engineering Research andDevelopment (IJCERD), ISSN 2228-9428(Print)ISSN 2248 – 9436(Online), Volume 1, Number 1January - April (2011), pp. 01-08© PRJ Publication, http://www.prjpublication.com/IJCERD.asp
 
International Journal of Civil Engineering Research and Development (IJCERD), ISSN 2228-9428(Print)ISSN 2248 – 9436(Online), Volume 1, Number 1, January – April (2011)
 
2
2.0 MATERIALS USEDCement:
Ordinary Portland Cement-53 grade was used having a specific gravity of 3.15 and it satisfies therequirements of IS: 12269-1987 specifications. The physical properties of tested cement are given in Table2.1Table 2.1: Physical properties Ordinary Portland Cement-53 grade (IS: 12269-1987)Properties ResultsPermissible limit as perIS: 12269-1987Fineness 30.3 m
2
 /N Should not be more than 22.5 m
2
 /NNormal consistency 30 -Specific gravity 3.15 -Setting Timea. Initialb. Final115 Min.270 Min.Should not be less than 30 MinShould not be more than 600 MinSoundness testa. Le-chat expansionb. Auto clave%10.0910mm maximum0.8% maximumCompressive strengthof mortar cubes fora. 3days.b. 7days.c. 28 days35.5 N/mm
2
47.0 N/mm
2
55.6 N/mm
2
 Should not be less than 27 N/mm
2
 Should not be less than 37 N/mm
2
Should not be less than 53 N/mm
2
 
Coarse aggregates:
The crushed stone aggregate were collected from the local quarry. The coarseaggregates used in the experimentation were 10mm and down size aggregate and tested as per IS: 383-1970and 2386-1963 (I, II and III) specifications. The aggregates used were having fineness modulus 1.9. Sieveanalyses of coarse aggregate are given in Table.2.2 and physical and mechanical properties of tested coarseaggregates are given in Table 2.3Table2.2: Sieve analysis of coarse aggregate (IS: 383-1970)ISsievesizeWeightretained(grams)Cumulativeweightretained (grams)Cumulative %weightretainedCumulative%passingISIpermissiblelimit12.5mm 0 0 0 100 10010mm 0 0 0 100 85-1004.75mm1860 1860 93 7 0-202.36mm93 1953 97.65 2.35 0-5pan47 2000 - - -Total 2000 - 190.65 --Fineness modulus = 190.65/100 = 1.90Table2.3: Physical and mechanical properties of coarse aggregate (IS: 2386-1963)Properties Results Permissible limit as per IS: 2386-1963Impact value 15.50 % Should not be more than 30% used for concreteCrushing value 25%Should not be more than 30% for surface courseand 45% other than wearing courseSpecific gravity 2.65 In between range 2.6-2.8Moisture content 0.16% -
Fine aggregates:
Locally available sand collected from the bed of river Bhadra was used as fine aggregate.The sand used was having fineness modulus 2.96 and confirmed to grading zone-III as per IS: 383-1970specification. Sieve analysis of fine aggregate are given in Table 2.4 and physical properties tested for fineaggregate are given in Table 2.5
 
 
International Journal of Civil Engineering Research and Development (IJCERD), ISSN 2228-9428(Print)ISSN 2248 – 9436(Online), Volume 1, Number 1, January – April (2011)
 
3Table 2.4: Sieve analysis of fine aggregate (IS: 383-1970)ISsievesizeWeightretained(grams)Cumulativeweightretained (grams)Cumulative %weightretainedCumulative%passingGradingzoneIII10 0 0 0 100 1004.75 5 1 99 - 90-1002.36 44 45 09 91 85-1001.18 30 75 15 85 75-100600
µ
m 50 125 25 75 60-79300
µ
m 185 310 62 38 12-40150
µ
m 120 430 86 14 0-10Pan 70 500 - - -Total 500 gm - 296 - -Fineness Modulus: 296/ 100 = 2.96Table 2.5: Physical properties of fine aggregate (IS: 2386-1963)Properties Results Permissible limit as per IS: 2386-1963Organic impurities Colourless Colour less /Straw Colour/Dark ColourSilt content 0.7% Should not be more than 6-10%Specific gravity 2.63 Should be between the limit 2.6-2.7Bulking of sand 16% Should not be more than 40%Moisture content 0.65% -
Microsilica:
Microsilica-600 used in the experiment complies in all respects to NZS 3122:1995 -Specification for Portland and Blended Cements. The Microsilica-600 used in the experimentation wasobtained from Bombay. Properties silica fume are given in Table 2.6Table 2.6: Chemical and physical properties of Microsilica-600
Chemical analysis Particle size analysis
SiO
2
87.89 100 100Al
2
O
3
4.31 50 99.6SO
3
0.13 20 97.9Fe
2
O
3
0.59 10 94.5MnO 0.03 5 84.6Tio
2
1.16 2 55.6CaO 0.32 1 35K
2
O 0.49 0.4 12.2P
2
O
2
0.05MgO
<
0.02Na
2
O 0.14LOI 5.01* Data taken from the product brochure of the supplier
Fibres:
The waste plastic fibres were obtained by cutting waste plastic pots, buckets, cans, drums andutensils. The waste plastic fibres obtained were all recycled plastics. The fibres were cut from steel wirecutter and it is labour oriented. The thickness of waste plastic fibres was 1mm and its breadth was kept5mm and these fibres were straight. The different volume fraction of fibres and suitable aspect ratio wereselected and used in this investigation. Physical properties of these fibres are given in Table 2.7

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