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Syngas to Energy Liquids

Syngas to Energy Liquids

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Published by Rachel Pincus

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Published by: Rachel Pincus on Jul 01, 2013
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08/28/2013

 
BNL-66589
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DiviiiionofPetroleumChemistrySpringACSMeeting,Anaheim,CAMarch21-25,1999DEVELOPMENTOFATOM-ECONOMICALCATALYTICPATHWAYSFORCONVERSIONSOFSYNGASTOENERGYLIQUIDS
D.Mahajan*,JE.WegrzynandZLeeBuilding815,
DepartmentofAppliedScience,BrookhavenNationalLaboratory,UptouNewYork11973M.
GuwvichOffice
ofHeavyVehiclesTechnok@qU.S.Depwtm@ofEnergy,WashingtorqD.C.20585(Keywordxcatalysis,syngasconvcmiomoxygenatedfhels,methano~&methylether)FAX516-344-7905
INTRODUCTION
Thesubjectofcatalyticsyngasconversionstofielsandchemicalsiswellstudied(l-3).Butglobally,therecentfocusisondlevelopnxmtoftechnologiesthatoffkraneconomicalroutetodesiredproducts(4).EconornicaIti=rtofnaturaigasIlomremotelocationsandwithin
clathrate
hydratesisofcontinuingrnterestatBrookhavenNationalLaboratoV(BNL).Underthisprojec~aLiquidPhaseLowTemperature@PLT)conceptisbeiiappliedtoattainhighlyefficienttransformationsofnatund-gasderivedsyngastospecifkproducts.Furthermore,amorepreciseterm“AtomEconomy”hasbeenrecentlyintroducedbyTrosttodescribedevelopmentof9highlyefficienthomogeneouslycatklyxxlsynthesisoforganicmolecules(5).T~enfromrdkrence5,theterm“AtomEconomy”isdeiinedasmximkhqgthenumberofatomsofallrawmaterialsthatendupintheproductwithanyotherreactantrequiredonincatalyticamount.Forapplicationtomethdnetransformationsthatmayrnvolveoneormorestep%atomeconomyofeachofthesestepsiscritkdWe,therefore,oonsideratom-economysynonymouswithoverallenergyefficiencyofapxxxess.‘Ibispaperdescriispotentialliquidproductsfromcatalytic—-.”—w~
 
syngasconversio~i.e.gastoliquids(GTL)technologiesandprocessconsiderationsthatarenemxaryforeconomicaltransportofnaturalgas.AsSUCLhepresentstudydefinesanatorw*nnnm;enld9nrl~rAtna-hm~-
cvwmnAmuCTItshnrdn-MW-U-W-
W--J-~.-~.~V-.*--W.-......-..-A.---.-...
NAlUKAIJGASCUN
Vl!XSIUNS
Weconsideroptionstopromotenaturalgasusagethatmeetthefollowingset-forthcriterixl)fitsweIlinthepresentdis@MiOnW&tr@me,2)safebasedonpublicperqtio~3)ismharmonywiththeenvironrne@and4)fklvorableprocesseconomics.Equations1-13,showncollectivelymF=1,representavailableoptionstoharnessenergyfiorn..&..r...-2....-_-l:--*:---l%-Uwdg-
LUIVarluusappilwuulm-.-n.A-IL-----xc-:-.LAA.>---1UCuVG1allCLLC1gyUcllvclyClllvlmlvyIsucll.uGuus&=&-(&+b+G+Ql&
(14)
where=
.-.-1
A-A.
L
ET
--4----.A_
--n
-L-
LululMumCucrgymluuurdgiasalLbWGJINW.~=energyrequired
firexplorationdrilhng,andrefiningi-e.,totalenergythatisrequiredtobringnaturalgastothesurke.~=_mtitip~*orc_tiom~d*ek_tik.~=energyneededtotransport.E–m=
enerwfnrf=mfim~talcmnmlimee....~......-.-...*__.
The
deliveryefficiency(Qrefmtothestoredener~mnaturalgas.Thefollowingdiscussionsetsfbrththedirectionforthepresentstudy1.Themostexothermicprocessistoburnnaturalgasatthewellsite.Naturalgascmnbustionenergyis20,551BTU/lb(Equation1).Duetoamismatchbetweensourcelocation-md~~mmo+~gQ-IIC
mdmF91rmck6*Kfmdbi9At_h_txpmcnartdinref%omtdtianbrc-w..&w....-y...-rv..-n..-.-..X-....‘Wimizhg
energyinputthatisrequiredtotransportgasisthegoai.2
 
2.Naturalgastranspbrteitherascompressednaturalgas(CNG)orliquefiednaturalgas.(LNG)isknowmHere,LNGisthePref-optionwithdeliveredenergyefficiency(E=)of-80?!.AsshowninEquation2,thisservesasthebaselinebecausethisphysicaltransformation--L..--*-CI&.*.&n+:..flz\uE-..1
q
h.nUllly&yuueaG-s~
VLJlquwawwu\qJ.A=.*.#l+:..1ApAAlezG,qWpuusw*tautwUqUcablvlllw.--......-----dt3iveIYd%ihfi)ykd)out16,WU
B-J.”U/lb.
3.Otheroptionstotransportnaturalgasas‘otherliquids”areconsidered.Inconversionofnaturalgastoenergyliquids(GTL),thetotaIenergyrequiredforchemicaltransformation(l&)determinesdeliveryefficiency.W*
Ithe
available&@directmethanetometbandisconsideredaviableprocess(Equation3).Thisrouteisunderdevelopment(6,7).
ATnthma-8-.a-dfWTnn+kn*km
t9nn*7cbn+kwil*wn-&4annwnnativsn#k.eawmda+wAC.Iamm4%.1wuAu
.puu+uwWVAXvwubzwususwu-m~wyyxvVXLWAOccvaAwbJVAWS-AUWL
productoptions.Here,theEmterminciidex~=
Em=lE~P+EST(15)whm
EwrelatestosyngasproductionStepIandE~~relatestoStepIImwhichsyngasisconvertedtoliquids.~fiveproductoptionsareconsideredintwobroadcategories.Thesearea)hydrocarbonproducts(Equation9)andb)oxygenatedprodtis(lUp&ns10-13).n...m+e..e1
n-l9
dvmlAkvhmnarl;.ihtannntnvtnflK&Uae.i&vlcttn&lwaq~.bo+~AkntathvlJ.#yucuNub7Av-s--=--v-wwauUAww-swabWAAvaww+AwwAWvv-
Ja..
ether(lJM@@~thy~
fOXIIIW2
(!M-~)can~(kkd
fio~~L~w8uS?OfIW%Whtterestin
dimethylether(DME),thisproductisconsideredseparately.ThebasisofthispaperthusconsidersF-Tliquids,MeO~DMEasviableoptionstoLNG..TwoguidelinesareconsideredCriticak1.hytilonednaturalgas-basedcostsmustincludepreservingoptionsthatallownatural-am,...ana
&dOtA.bat+hawdn+
n#Anlbaw~a$-aJ#ai—bWWJSGLIWJUb
WAUW=WAJ.2.
itisto‘benotedthatailfivereactions~-Euations9-iYJareexothermic.Buttheoverall.3

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