MistFlowAnnularFlowSlugFlowBubbleFlowDecreasing Gas Velocity
Figure 12-1 Four flow regimes commonly encountered in gas wells.
pressure survey, sharp drops in a production decline curve, and predictionwith analytical methods.Accurate prediction of the problem is vitally important for taking timelymeasures to solve the problem. Previous investigators have suggestedseveral methods to predict the problem. Results from these methods oftenshow discrepancies. Also some of these methods are not easy to use dueto the difficulties with prediction of bottom hole pressure in multi-phaseflow. In this section, the method presented by Turner, Hubbard, andDukler (1969) is summarized and the method by Guo, Ghalambor, andXu (2005) is described in more detail.
12.2.1 Turner's Method
The method presented by Turner, Hubbard, and Dukler (1969) is referredto as Turner's method. They are the pioneer investigators who analyzedand predicted the minimum gas flow rate capable of removing liquidsfrom the gas production wells. They presented two mathematical modelsto describe the liquid loading problem: the film movement model andentrained drop movement model. On the basis of analyses on field data