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Italy- Tarantella Worksheet

Italy- Tarantella Worksheet

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Published by: miradance on May 10, 2009
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06/15/2009

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ITALY – TARANTELLA
The tarantella is a traditionaldance6/8 or 4/4timecharacterized by the rapid whirling of couples. There are several local variations of this dance, including the Neapolitan, Sicilian,Apulian and Calabrese tarantellas. The time signature, the fact that it is led by a caller, andseveral of the figures suggest that the tarantella may be related tocontra dance.It is named after Tarantoin southernItaly, and is popularly associated with the large localwolf spider or "tarantula"spider (Lycosa tarantula) whose bite was allegedly deadly and could be cured only by frenetic dancing. One variation of the legend said the dancer mustdance the most joyous dance of her life or she would die, another says the dancer will go in tothe most joyous dance of her life before she dies. In actual fact the spider's venom is notdangerous enough to cause any severe effects. The spiders, far from being aggressive, avoidhuman contact.The tarantella can be traced back to theMiddle Ages, and may have evolved from aneven older dance. According to legend, an epidemic of tarantula poisonings spread throughthe town of Taranto. The victims (tarantata) were typically farm women or others whose dailylife might reasonably bring them into contact with the kinds of spiders that run in the fields.These supposed victims of spider bites would dance while villagers playedmandolinsor tambourines. Various rhythms were used until one worked, vigorous dancing ensued, andeventually the tarantata was cured. This dance is a staple of some old-fashionedSouthern Italian weddings. Dancing the tarantella alone was said to be unlucky, and thus it was always a couple’sdance, involving either a man and a woman, or two women. The tarantella is acircle dance,performed clockwise until the music in the set changes to become faster, after which everyonechanges direction. This cycle occurs several times, eventually becoming so fast that it is verydifficult to keep up with the beat. The music is generally led by amandolin.For the costume, the men wear close-fitting, knee length pants with buttons near thebottom, white shirts with ties at the neck and long sashes wrapped around the waist and shortdecorative jackets. Women wear long sleeved, below the knee dresses with patterned apronstied at the waist.
Did you know?
The tarantella was featured in the Godfather.
Many great composers such as Franz Liszt, Chopin, and Rachmaninoff etc composedpieces of music they titled the tarantella.
"Tarantallegra" is a jinxin
books which causes the opponent's legs tomove rapidly and uncontrollably, hinting that the incantation of this jinx might be basedon the tarantella dance. This jinx is first introduced in
, in the Dueling Club scene. Incidentally, spiders also play a central part in thesame book.
www.dance-kids.com9821918442 info@dance-kids.com
 
Italian InventorsCount Alessandro Volta
was an Italian physicist who invented the chemical battery in 1800.This invention provided the first generator of continuous electrical current. Volta alsodiscovered and isolated methane gas, CH
4
(in 1778). The volt, the unit of electrical potential,was named for Volta in 1881.
Leonardo da Vinci
was an Italian inventor, artist, architect, and scientist. Da Vinci had aninterest in engineering and made detailed sketches of the airplane, the helicopter (and other flying machines), theparachute, the submarine, the armored car, the ballista (a giantcrossbow), rapid-fire guns, the centrifugal pump (designed to drain wet areas, like marshes),ball bearings, the worm gear (a set of gears in which many teeth make contact at once,reducing the strain on the teeth, allowing more pressure to be put on the mechanism), andmany other incredible ideas that were centuries ahead of da Vinci's time.
Galileo Galilei
was an Italian mathematician,astronomer , and physicist. Galileo found thatthe speed at which bodies fall does not depend on their weight and did extensiveexperimentation with pendulums. In 1593 Galileo invented thethermometer . In 1609, Galileowas the first person to use a telescope to observe the skies. Galileo discovered the rings of Saturn (1610), was the first person to see thefour major moons of Jupiter (1610), observedthe phases of Venus, studied sunspots, and discovered many other important phenomena.
Words in Italian
Bennisimo ExcellentGraziThank youBuongiornoGood day!BuonaseraGood EveningPer favorePleaseCome stai?How are you?Molto bene, e tu?Very well and you?PregoYou are welcomeCi vediamo domani!See you tomorrowScusa!Sorry
www.dance-kids.com9821918442 info@dance-kids.com
2
 
What is pasta?
The word comes fromItalian 
 pasta
which shares its origins with "paste", meaning "dough","pasta", or "pastry" as in "small cake”. Dried Italian-style pasta is made fromdurumwheatsemolina, which gives it a light yellow colour and a slightly chewy texture when properlyprepared. It is traditionally cooked
al dente
(Italian: "with [a slight] bite"). Pasta comes in manydifferent shapes and sizes. There are simple string-shaped pasta likespaghettiandvermicelli, ribbon-shaped ones likefettuccineandlinguine, short tubes likeelbow macaroniandpenne, large sheets likelasagna, and hollow pasta stuffed with filling, likeravioli,manicotti, and tortellini.Pasta can be eaten with pasta sauces such as arabiatta, pesto calabrese, pesto basilico etcBasil PestoYou will need :2 cups fresh basil leaves, packed1/4 cup grated Parmesan cheese1/2 cup Olive oil3 tablespoons pine nuts or walnuts3garlic cloves, finely mincedDirections:1.Place basil leaves in small batches in food processor and whip until well chopped (doabout 3/4 cup at a time).
2.
Add about 1/3 thenutsand garlic, blend again.3.Add about 1/3 of the Parmesan cheese; blend while slowly adding about 1/3 of the oliveoil, stopping to scrape down sides of container.4.Process basil pesto till it forms a thick smooth paste.5.Repeat until all ingredients are used, mix all batches together well.
6.
Serve over pasta.Basil pesto keeps in refrigerator one week, or freeze for a few months.
www.dance-kids.com 9821918442 info@dance-kids.com
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