Page 2July 5-11, 2013 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at http://www.asianjournalusa.com
(Continued on page 7)
Law Ofces of Chua Tinsay & Vega
by Atty. Dennis Chua
Read Atty. Dennis Chua’s previous articles by visitingour website at www.asianjournalusa.com
(Continued from page 1)
Why it pays
(Continued from page 1)
(Continued on page 15)
more than 300 years of occu- pation, Spanish culture has re-mained deeply ingrained evenin modern Filipino society.
The coming of the Spanish changedmany things in the archipelago. Asidefrom religion, the Filipinos expandedtheir knowledge about agriculture, trade,cuisine and, of course, language.But did you know that many of thewords in the Filipino language are fromthe Mexicans, and not the peninsular Spanish?“I think that there are many words inFilipino Spanish that are typically Mexi-can, not Spanish from Spain. I think thatmany of the Spanish long words in Ta-galog are Mexican Spanish,” said Javier Ruescas of the Asociación CulturalGaleón de Manila, writer and director of the documentary “El Idioma Espanol enFilipinas (The Spanish Language in thePhilippines).”This is due to the galleons, Ruescasexplained, as goods came and went fromMexico to the Philippines by way of thelarge trade ships.“Padre, for example. In Spain, wedon’t say compadre for friend,” he cited.“El Idioma Espanol en Filipinas” premiered at the Instituto Cervantes inManila on Monday, July 1, right after the Philippine-Spanish Frienship Day,which is celebrated every June 30.The documentary describes the historyof the Spanish in the Philippines andhow the Spanish language was -- andstill is -- used in the country, throughinterviews with Filipino Spanish-speakers such as former beauty queenand historian Gemma Cruz-Araneta,anthropologist Fernando Zialcita, former
Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Ofce
chairman Manoling Morato, former Paranaque Rep. Eduardo Zialcita, aca-
demician Macario Olada and actress
Maggie dela Riva, among others.
When the Spanish arrived in thecountry in 1521, the natives living inthe islands each had their own language,form of government and traditions.Different groups interacted with oneanother either through trade or marriage,and often, through war.It was only when the Spanish estab-lished a formal government in Cebuin 1565 and in Manila in 1571 that the people came to be known as Filipinos,and the territory, Filipinas.Despite being under a single govern-ment and territory, people living in thecountry were called by different names,depending on where they were born.There were peninsulares, insulares,mestizos and indios. Only those in thehigher rungs of society spoke Span-ish, and the indios, or the natives of thecountry, continued speaking their ownlanguage.Spanish as a language in the Philip- pines used to serve as a status symbol.Only those from the upper classes, aswell as members of the clergy, speak the language. Chinese businessmen usetheir own language among themselves,and only use Spanish when dealing with
government ofcials. The natives, or
indios, only know Spanish from prayerstaught by the priests.The Educational Decree of 1863 es-tablished a Spanish public school systemin the Philippines. By that time, more people can speak Spanish, especially thechildren of the principalia and the illus-trados, Filipino students who were sent by their parents to Europe to study. Thisnew breed of Spanish-speakers wroteand spoke in the language that they soonrecognized as their own.According to Ruescas, the perceptionthat Spanish is only the language of theelite is “a little bit twisted” because justlike in many places around the worldsuch as in Europe or the United States,only wealthy families could send their children to school.“Normal families or lower-class fami-lies, they needed their children to work to make a living,” he said.“Widespread public education issomething of a later period. Whostudied, who went to school, who couldafford to send their children to school?The well-off families. What languagedid they study? Spanish. Of course, un-fortunately, Spanish is seen as the eliteas the language that differentiates theupper from the middle class. But it’s justa historical coincidence,” he explained.
Latinos in Asia
With the prevalence of English andAmerican culture in the Philippines,many people are unaware that there areeven Spanish-speakers in the country,who learned the language from their families instead of school.“I shouldn’t say this because I directedand wrote the documentary, but it’s aneye-opener. When we showed it to about190 people three months ago, many people were like, ‘Wow, I don’t knowthis story, I never heard about this, Ihad no idea that the Philippines had thisSpanish heritage, I had no clue that thereare still Spanish-speakers in the Philip- pines, I didn’t know that there are somany cultural similarities between our countries’,” Ruescas said.“When I studied in Japan, I did amaster’s in Sophia University, a Jesuituniversity, there was a group of Filipinostudents on an exchange program fromAteneo de Manila. I thought that theywere Latinos. Even though they did notspeak Spanish, the way they [behaved],their expressions, their tone, seemedvery Latino to me even though they
By: Dennis E. Chua, Esq.
The Defense of Marriage Act(DOMA) which was enacted by theFederal Government on September 21,
1996 denes marriage as a legal union
between one man and one woman.Under DOMA, no state (for exampleTexas) may be required to recognizeas a marriage a same sex relationshipconsidered a marriage in another state(California for example which hasnow allowed same sex marriages toresume.) Since same sex marriages arenot recognized by the Federal Govern-ment under DOMA, married same sexcouples cannot petition their spouses for them to either stay in the country legallyor immigrate to the United States.On June 26, 2013, the US SupremeCourt in United States v.Windsor,overturned a key provision of the federalDefense of Marriage Act or DOMA that
denes marriage as between a man and
a woman, and spouses as heterosexual.With this new Decision, the Court gavesame-sex married couples access to the
full range of benets that are available
to heterosexual spouses under some1,000 federal laws and regulations,including those related to: Social Secu-rity, housing, taxes, criminal sanctions,
copyright, and veterans’ benets.
Secretary Janet Napolitano of theUS Department of Homeland Securityrecently announced that its Departmentwill now allow legally married U.S. citi-zens to petition for a green card for their same-sex spouses the same way hetero-sexual married couples are allowed. Thenew Supreme Court ruling and the latest pronouncement of Secretary Napolitanohave paved the way for US citizens to
le immigration petitions for their loved
ones.Currently, there are 15 countries thatallow same sex marriages. These coun-tries are Argentina, Belgium, Brazil,Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway,Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Swedenand Uruguay. While same sex mar-riages are legal in some jurisdictions inMexico and the United States. In theUnited States, same sex marriage is le-gally recognized in the following states:California, Connecticut, Delaware,Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts,Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York,Rhode Island, Vermont and Washing-ton. The District of Columbia and
ve Native American tribes have also
legalized same sex marriage. The USDepartment of Homeland Security willaccept marriages celebrated in any of these countries and jurisdictions so longas they have been validly entered intounder the laws of that country or USstate. Spouses of US citizens may now
either le for applications for adjust-
ment of status if they are here in the USand eligible, or undergo visa processingif they are outside the United States.Aside from spouse petitions, US citizens
may now le ancé petitions so they
could be reunited with their loved ones.Atty. Dennis E. Chua is a partner in The Law Firm of Chua Tinsay and
Vega (CTV) - a full service law rmwith ofces in San Francisco, San
Diego, Sacramento and Manila. Theinformation presented in this article isfor general information only and is not,nor intended to be formal legal advicenor the formation of an attorney-clientrelationship. Call or e-mail CTV for an in-person or phone consultation todiscuss your particular situation and/or how their services may be retained at(415) 495-8088; (619) 955-6277; (916)509-7280; Dchua@ctvattys.com
Immigration Beneﬁts For Sex
pine Sea.Gazmin said he agrees withForeign Affairs Secretary Al- bert del Rosario’s reprimand-ing Beijing and reminding itof the preeminence of interna-tional law in settling issues.
Del Rosario had also said China’s pro-vocative statement had no place amongcivilized nations.DFA spokesman Raul Hernandez saidChina is obliged under international
laws, specically the United Nations
Charter, “to pursue a peaceful resolutionof disputes – meaning without the use of force or the threat to use force.”“We call on China to be a responsiblemember in the community of nations,”Hernandez said.The People’s Daily said that amongthe “sins” committed by the Philippineswere its “illegal occupation” of theKalayaan Island Group, inviting foreigncompanies to engage in oil and gasdevelopment in the disputed waters and
internationalizing the territorial conict.
The commentary said that if Manilacontinues to assert its position on theissue, “a counterstrike will be hard toavoid.”China, citing what it calls historicalfacts, has been laying claim to almostthe entire South China Sea and WestPhilippine Sea. Aside from the Philip- pines and China, Vietnam, Malaysia,Brunei and Taiwan also have claims inthe potentially resource rich areas in theSouth China Sea and West PhilippineSea.A senior administration lawmaker, for his part, described China’s “counter-strike” threat as “saber rattling.”“That’s all there is to it. I don’t think China would want to start a war thatmay have imponderable consequences,”Isabela Rep. Giorgidi Aggabao, a mem- ber of the House committee on foreignaffairs in the 15th Congress, said.Aggabao said such a counterstrikewould, for one thing, inevitably pushJapan to rearm.For another, the US will have a pretextto hasten its “pivot to Asia.”“In sum, it would not be in the interestof China to strike,” he said.
Mutually benecialIn a press brieng, DFA’s Hernan-
dez said the Philippines would openits bases to the United States only if
it would be sure of benets. He also
stressed that such an arrangement would be in accordance with the PhilippineConstitution and pertinent laws.He said discussions on the matter areongoing, particularly on an increased