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F4

F4

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Published by Akshay Verma
DWF
DWF

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Published by: Akshay Verma on Jul 04, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/04/2013

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F4: DW Architecture and Lifecycle
Erik Perjons, DSV, SU/KTHperjons@dsv.su.se
The data warehouse architecture
Query/ReportingExtractTransformLoadServeExternal sourcesData warehouseData martsAnalysis/OLAP
Falö aöldf flaöd aklödfalö alksdf 
Data mining
ProducttTime1Value1Value11Product2Time2Value2Value21Product3Time3Value3Value31Product4Time4Value4Value41
Operationalsource systems
 Data access tools (RK)
 End user applications Business Intelligence tools
 Data staging area (RK)
 Back end tools
 Data presentationarea (RK)
”The data warehouse”
 Presentation (OLAP) servers
Operational sourcesystems (RK)
 Legacy systemsOLTP/TP systems
The back roomThe front room
 
Operational source systemscharacteristics:
the source data often in OLTP (Online Transaction Processing)systems, also called TPS (Transaction Processing Systems)high level of performance and availabilityoften one-record-at-a time queriesalready occupied by the normal operations of the organisation
OLTP vs. DSS (Decision Support Systems)OLTP vs. OLAP (Online analytical processing)
Operational Source Systems
Operationalsource systems
More operational source systemscharacteristics:
a OLTP system may be reliable and consistent, but there areoften inconsistencies between different OLTP systemsdifferent types of data format and data structures indifferent OLTP systems
AND DIFFERENT SEMANTICS
Operational Source Systems
Operationalsource systems
 
Operational Source Systems
Kimball et al´s assumptions (p 7):
•Source systems are not queried in the broadand unexpected ways•Maintain little historical data•Each source systems is often a naturalstovepipe application
Operationalsource systems
DW architecture: Data staging area
Query/Reporting
ExtractTransformLoad
ServeExternal sourcesData warehouseData martsAnalysis/OLAP
Falö aöldf flaöd aklödfalö alksdf 
Data mining
ProducttTime1Value1Value11Product2Time2Value2Value21Product3Time3Value3Value31Product4Time4Value4Value41
Operationalsource systems
 Data access tools
 Data staging area
 Data presentation areaOperational  source systems

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