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Pengukuran Dengan Jangka Sorong Dan Mikrometer

Pengukuran Dengan Jangka Sorong Dan Mikrometer

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contoh laporan praktikum
contoh laporan praktikum

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Diah Ayu Sekar Palupi on Jul 05, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/15/2013

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PENGGUNAAN ALAT UKUR DASAR
I.TUJUAN
1. Mampu menggunakan alat ukur yang digunakan dalam praktikum Fisika.2. Mengenal besar ketelitian pengukuran dari alat-alat ukur dasar.3. Mengenal apa yang dimaksud dengan skala nonius.
II.ALAT DAN BAHAN
1. Batangan besi 4 . Jangka sorong2. Kelereng 5. Mikrometer Skrup3. Pengaris
III. TEORI RINGKASNonius
Banyak alat ukur dilengkapi dengan nonius. Alat bantu ini membuat alat ukurberkemampuan lebih besar, karena jarak antara dua garis skala bertetangga seolah-olahmenjadi lebih kecil. Biasanya pembagiuan skala utama dan nonius adalah :Selanjutnya marilah kita lihat hasil pengukuran lain dengan alat bantu noniustersebut seperti yang ditunjukkan pad gambar. Skala 0 pada nonius tidak berimpit dengansalah satu angka pada skala alat ukur, melainkan terletak antara kedudukan 8.4 dan 8.5.Dalam pengukuran ini kita yakin bahwa harga X yang diukur adalah lebih besar dari 8.4 tetapilebih kecil dari 8.5. Berapakah harga X emnurut hasil pembacaan ini ? Cobalah andaperhatikan Gambar 2 lebih teliti lagi. Ternyata salah satu garis skala nonius yang berimpitdengan skala alat ukur yaitu skala ke-6 dari skala nonius. Dalam keadaan pengukuran semacamini menunjukkan bahwa harga X yang diukur adalah 8.46.
2. Jangka Sorong
1. Jangka sorong merupakan suatu alat pengukuran yang cepat dan relatif teliti untukmengukur diameter dalam, luar dan dalam suatu tabung, yang memiliki bentuk seperti gambar1 di bawah ini.
Gambar 1.
 
Jangka Sorong3. Mikrometer Sekrup
Mikrometer Sekrup dipergunakan untuk mengukur panjang benda yang memilikiukuran maksimum 2,50 cm, dan bentuk mikrometer sekrup ditunjukkan pada gambar 2. Alatukur ini mempunyai batang pengukur yang terdiri atas skala dalam milimeter, dan juga sekrupberskala satu putaran sekrup besarnya sama dengan 0.5 mm dan 0.5 mm pada skala utamadibagi menjadi 100 skala kecil yang terdapat pada sekrup.
Gambar 2. Mikrometer Sekrup
9 bagian skala ukur – 10 bagian skala nonius
 
IV. PROSEDUR PERCOBAAN
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V. Data Percobaan dan Perhitungana. Jangka Sorong
NoXX
2
 x
 X  
X
o
±
X
12345
a. Mikrometer Sekrup
NoXX
2
 x
 X  
X
o
±
X
12345VI. Kesimpulan
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