9.2 The Greenhouse Effects and the
Thinning of the Ozone Layer
The Greenhouse EffectWhat is a green house effect?
The greenhouse effect is a process by whichradiactive energy leaving a planetary surface isabsorbed by some atmospheric gases, calledgreenhouse gases. The greenhouse gases are carbondioxide, carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, methaneand chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). They transfersenergy to other components of the atmosphere, and itis re-radiated in all directions, including back downtowards the surface. This transfers energy to thesurface and lower atmosphere, so the temperature ishigher than it would be if direct heating by solarradiation were the only warming merchanism.