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Alginate

Alginate

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Published by: Rmz Study on Jul 05, 2013
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The art of making good alginate 
 
impression 
 
Before you start
 
We took this topic before so doctor Layla thinks that we aresuppose to know every thing about it by now ,,, and she'll onlygive us what she thinks is new , anyway there was were no slidesfor this lecture only two videos loaded on e-learning if you like totake a look on them
 
Every single information in the videos will be here
 
I also took what I saw important from 2009's slides which weregiven by doctor essam ,, and this will be enough
 –
hopefully-SO let us start
 
 
Alginate falls in the ELASTIC ACQUOES HYDROCOLLOID type of impression material.
 
Most widely used impression material
Indications
 
 –
study models
 –
removable partial dentures
Examples
 
 –
Hydrogum (Zhermack)
 –
Jeltrate (Dentsply/Caulk)
 –
Coe Alginate (GC America)
Advantages
 
Inexpensive
 
Easy to use
 
Hydrophilic : displace moisture, blood, fluids
 
Stock trays
Disadvantages
• Tears easily
 
• Dimensionally unstable
 
 –
immediate pour
 –
single cast
• Lower detail reproduction
than non-aqueous elastomericimpression materials
 –
unacceptable for fixed pros
• High permanent deformation
 
• Difficult to disinfect
 
• Very popular choice
Especially effective if there are lots of soft tissueundercuts and/or teeth with different axial alignments
• Cost effective and setting time is ideal
 
 
Composition
1-
 
Sodium alginatesalt of alginic acid : mucous extraction of seaweed (algae)2-
 
Calcium sulfate : reactor3-
 
Tri-sodium phosphate : retarder4-
 
Filler5-
 
Potassium fluoride : improves gypsum surface
 
 
Handling the Material:
1. Pre-measure material
 –
do not take containers toyour operatory. Do not handle containers withcontaminated gloves/hands. This makes infectioncontrol easier.2. Do not leave containers open in a humidenvironment - humidity and high temperatures cancause deterioration of the powder.
3. Do not mix in a bowl contaminated with dental stone -gypsum can cause acceleration of the alginate. Converselyalginate contamination of a bowl used to mix
stone candiminish the strength of the cast or model produced.Keep separate bowls and spatulas for alginate andstone.
 
• More easil
y removed from the stone cast than nonaqueouselastomeric impression materials
 
Patient Preparations
• Instructions to patient
 
 –
Relax lips, tongue, and cheeks
 –
Advise patient that you will ask them to lift their tongue
 –
Ask patient to concentrate on breathing through nose.
• Review the procedure with the patient. (practice with a dry run)
 
• Block out large embrasures and inter
-proximal spaces to preventtearing of the impression material on removal
 
PREPARING ALGINATES
( all the information that wasmentioned in the video about this topic are included here )
 
Remember always to wear a mask to filter all the dust particleswhen using alginate powder since it is not healthy to breath any
(studies have
 
found evidence of pulmonary hypersensitivity toseaweed dust in force, and evidence of precipitating antibody tosodium alginate and seaweed extracts in the serum of peopledealing with alginate dust )
 
Alginate powder come in two sets :
-
 
Regular set : creamy in color , jells in 3-4 mins-
 
Fast set : pink In color , jells in 1-2 mins
 
Shake the container well before using the material to remix theheavier components with the lighter ones (homogenizing thematerial) resulting In a proper amount of the material in eachscoop .

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