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lorentz oscillator.pdf

lorentz oscillator.pdf

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Published by: nabeil on Jul 06, 2013
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Lorentz Oscillator 
Tuesday, February 09, 20104:15 PM
(Reading: JDJ sec
t
on 3.5; Mark Fox 2.2;)Here we
rst look at the op
t
cal response of a par
t
cular type of electrons characterizedwith a speci
c binding energy to nucleus. This binding energy is modeled as a spring witha characteris
t
c resonant frequency.Ignore local
eld e
ff 
ect (which usually applied for low
density material such as gas phasebut in general not true for solid state). The electron will be driven by external
eldthrough Lorentz force law (ignoring magne
t
c
eld since 1/c smaller than E
eld),induced dipole moment by this electron per atom is
file:///C:/DOCUME~1/TSINGH~1/LOCALS~1/Temp/maftemp/1266640...1 of 172/19/2010 11:41 PM
 
Near
w
O, the op
t
cal response of material is dominated by this sets of electrons. Thereare, however, other electrons whose resonant frequencies are far away from
w
O, and areconsidered to be o
ff 
resonance. Their contribu
t
on can be considered more or lessconstant over the narrow spectral range near resonance of 
w
O, and is represented by abackground term.Considering only this electron, the displacement
eld becomes
 
Fox eqs2.15
2.16
 
file:///C:/DOCUME~1/TSINGH~1/LOCALS~1/Temp/maftemp/1266640...2 of 172/19/2010 11:41 PM
 
 
 Anomalous dispersion & Resonant Absorp
on
Monday, February 08, 20109:42 PM
 
Fox eq. 2.18
 
file:///C:/DOCUME~1/TSINGH~1/LOCALS~1/Temp/maftemp/1266640...3 of 172/19/2010 11:41 PM

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