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Makkah is the Center of the Earth

Makkah is the Center of the Earth

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Published by Waris Husain

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Waris Husain on May 11, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/06/2013

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Dr. Salih Muhammad AwadhIraq , Baghdad university , faculty of science ,Geology Dept
 
Translated by : Magdy Abd Al-Shafy
 
The layers of the earth
 In this short study , when contemplating about the miracles of Godin this universe , I will show the miracles in the creation of the earth though manypeople go unmindful of them . God says in the Holy Quran what means "And in theearth are portents for those whose faith is sure "(Al-Zaryat :20) According toseismology , the earth , from the surface to its center , is composed of three layersand these with the secondary ones form seven layers ( figure 1) , God refers to thiswel-established fact in the Holy Quran , God says in the Holy Quran in this regardwhat means( Allah it is who hath created seven heavens, and of the earth the likethereof. The commandment cometh down among them slowly, that ye may know thatAllah is Able to do all things, and that Allah surroundeth all things in knowledge ."(56:12)These layers are:1-The earth CrustIt the solid part that we live on , it varies in thickness , the maximum thickness isunder the mountain while thickness is relatively smaller under oceans ; the earthcrust can be scientifically categorized into two parts :(a) The continental crust :It is a rocky mass varying in thickness , the rate of thickness varies between 30Km-40Km in the continental areas while it reaches 70km under mountains(b) The oceanic layer : it is a rocky structure encompassing the earth under oceansand the crust ; it is not harmonious structure with relatively thickness of 6kmThe mantle : it is higher in dense than all the masses of the crust , it is complex instructure ; because of the high temperature and pressure , it is semi-rigid , it is thesource of magma , it can be divided into three parts(a)The upper mantle which goes deep to a depth of 400km under the crust .(b) The transformation zone which extends from 400km to 1000km© The lower mantle which extends from 1000 km to 2900km3-The core of the earth , it is mainly composed of iron and Nickel and it can bedivided into layersa) The outer core which is in a liquid state , it extends from a depth of 2900km to5080km
Makkah is the Center of the Earth
 
 
(b) The interior core : it is a rigid substance and it extends from a depth of 5080 to 6371 , it is believed that the internal core is the centre of the earth .The rock layer of the earth on which we live has never been one mass but it iscomposed of what scientifically known as ( plates ) . God refers to this fact in theHoly Quran , ( And in the Earth are neighboring tracts, vineyards and ploughed lands,and date palms, like and unlike, which are watered with one water. And We havemade some of them to excel others in fruit. Lo! herein verily are portents for peoplewho have sense . ) (13-4)These adjacent plates , that are mentioned in the Holy Quran , are that which arescientifically approved ( figure 2) , this is , now , the most well-established and themost scientifically well-supported fact , it is taught everywhere in the worlduniversities , Geology department . The most well-known earth plates are :1. Eurasian plate coveringAsiaandEurope 2.African plate covering Africa3.The Arabian plate4.Antarctic plate covering Antarctic5. Australian plate, covering Australia (fused with Indian plate between 50 and 55million years ago)6. North American Plate covering North America and north-east Siberia7. South American plate covering South America8. Pacific Plate covering the Pacific Plate9. The Indian Plate10. The Caribbean plate11. The Philippine plate12. Scotia
 
Figure (1) The scientifically- knownplates nowadays ( mentioned in theHoly Quran as the neighboring plates
The plates motion
the earth plates relatively moves slowly and constantly , it can't be seen directly butcan be recoded with highly advanced technology ; (1M a year was reported by thistechnology as regard the movement of one of these plates)and can be experienced
 
during earthquakes .There are three main kinds of motions as regard the plate movement :Convergent movement , divergent movement and transform movement, in thedivergent movement , two adjacent plate move in the opposite directions movingaway from each other and this often happens in mid-floor of seas and oceanscausing dint or protuberance and this result in the gushing out of the magma undersea water , being molten and with high pressure , it cause large mass of water toevaporate ; the Holy Quran has referred to this scientific fact in the following verse(And by the sea set on fire )(81:6)Ocean floor rift typifies a certain kind of earthquakes followed by magma out-break . This magma is composed of complex substance higher in density than therocks of the crust , scientific studies have proved that density of the upper mantle ismuch higher in density than that of the earth crust ( 0.4gramme/ cm3 ) , the morewe go down , the more differences in density . The Holy Quran refers to this scientificfact( When Earth is shaken with her (final) earthquake and Earth yieldeth up herburdens(99:1-2)These magma forms what is now known as the volcanic mountains which are termedas mid-ocean ridges, which rise over the oceans and seas water forming islands , theearthquake and volcanoes co-occurrence can be illustrated in (figure -3) theconvergence movement means that two adjacent plate approach each other withresult that they collide with each other , as they go on colliding ,one of them or bothslidedown as far as 100Km with the result that they have their structure changedturning into semi-molten state because of the high temperature - this process typifiesthe corroding
 figure 2) the locations where the last recorded quakes took place in the lastcentury dotted in black , these co-occur the locations of opening the mid-oceans(oceans colored blue) and also represent the locations of crust plates collisions( colored green) taken from (Spencer ,2003)
(Of the ends of the plates or the ends of the earth as the Holy Quran depicts , thisfact is mentioned in the Holy Quran in the following two Holy verses . God says in theHoly Quran in this regard what means( See they not how We visit the land, reducing

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