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erp

erp

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Published by: koylu on May 11, 2009
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09/23/2012

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ZESZYTY NAUKOWE UNIWERSYTETU JAGIELLO´NSKIEGO
MMCCXLII PRACE INFORMATYCZNE Z. 10 2000
The Agent Conception in the Management Systems
Tadeusz Dyduch
dyduch@icslab.agh.edu.pl
Krzysztof Cetnarowicz
cetnar@uci.agh.edu.pl
Institute of Computer ScienceTechnical University of Mining and Metallurgy AGH 
Abstract.
These papers are aimed at showing the basic virtues of the agentapproach to the management system. We will show the logical skeleton of themanagement system and reasons why the multiagent environment is suitable toimplement it. Our research concentrates on creating a complete closed-loop MRPclass application. Especially, we would like to show modification and developingperspectives. The following article also gives a short introduction to the M-agenttheory. Finally, we will show the features of this approach like calibration, systemtopology and cooperation with different database systems.
1. The structure of the management systems
At present the companies are sparred to constantly improve their perfor-mance, quality of the products, reduce costs, be adaptable to the changingclient requirements, etc. To be competitive, modern companies have basedtheir decision procedures on the integrated management systems. It makesall strategy decisions easier and more pertinent because all the required in-formation (history, statistics, current company state etc.) are easy accessible.There are probably many other reasons to implement such a system into themodern company, but let’s take a look at the logical structure of it.Figure 1 shows the developing process of the management systems formsimple MRP class to the big ERP class [1].
 
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MRP II (Manufactory Resource Planning)CLOSED-LOOP MRPDRP (Distributed Requirement Planning)ERP (Enterprise Requirement Panning)MRP (Material Resource Planning)
Fig. 1.
Developing process of the management systemsThe applications usually used are of MRP II or ERP class, but theyalmost always contain the closed-loop MRP class subsystem. This module isresponsible for the production management area. The main structure of thissubsystem is shown in Fig. 2.The communication paths in the structure of this system are some kindof a closed loop what explains the name. The modules in the picture are:
MRP – the heart of the system, module which computes the materialrequirements,
CRP – also very important module which is liable to the capacity re-quirements,
Both those systems are initialised by the MPS module responsible forthe production scheduling [2],
SFC module responsible for the management of the production ordersand priorities,
PC module – registration of the purchase realisation,
IM module, responsible for the management of the regulation of theproduct and material reserves.All these modules basing on the bills of material, production paths and pro-duction demands, can generate the material requirements, compute the ca-pacity strain, decide when to start the production to realise the orders, oreven decide in which order the production tasks should be done. All thosepieces of information are very important in the production planning, being agood example of using integrated information systems for the managementproblems [3], [4].
 
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BILLS OFMATERIALCRPCAPACITYREQUIREMENTSPLANNINGPRODUCTIONPATHSSFCSHOP FLOORCONTROLPCPURCHASINGCONTROLMaterialStock Final ProductsStock PurchaseOrdersProductionIMINVENTORYMANAGEMENTScheduleProductionMasterDemandFinal ProductOTHER MANAGING(MANAGER) ORMASTER PRODUCTIONSCHEDULINGMPSMRP MATERIALREQUIREMENTSPLANNINGSUBSYSTEMREAL WORDOrdersCapacityExploitationPlanRequirementsMaterial
Fig. 2.
Closed-loop MRP class system structure

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