Nuclear Terror Days
When the two bombs, nicknamed Little Boy and Fat Man, were dropped bythe United States over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki onAugust 6 and 9, 1945, fortunately the only such cases so far, over 340,000 persons were killed barbarously. Near the centre of the explosion, peoplewere instantaneously vaporized by the searing heat, leaving only their shadows scorched into the stonework of walls or roads. Thousands morewere killed by being blown to bits, more commonly being hurled againstsolid objects, crushed beneath falling buildings or lacerated by the shrapnelof flying glass. Others were simply cremated into charred corpses or hideously burned with great patches of skin stripped from their bodies andhanging grotesquely in flaps around them. In Hiroshima 13 sq.kms. of areawas devastated and 9.2% of all buildings destroyed. The destruction in Nagasaki was relatively less due to its hilly terrain which shielded part of thecity from the heat and blast effects even though the bomb was more powerful than the one dropped in Hiroshima. It is estimated that about 60%deaths were caused due to burns, 20% due to injuries and the rest due to physical disorders caused by nuclear radiation. Hearing of those terror days,Mahatmaji said “I regard the employment of the atom bomb for thewholesale destruction of men, women and children as the most diabolicaluse of science”.Even though such horrible effects of the atom bomb became well known, thenuclear powers went ahead with massive programmes of nuclear weaponisation. They conducted 403 atmospheric tests between July 16,1945 and August 5, 1963 – 216 by USA, 162 by USSR, 21 by UK and 4 byFrance.