Report for Manitoba Infrastructure and Transportation -
The 2011 Manitoba food was o a scope and severity never beore experienced, in recorded history,in this province. High soil moisture at reeze-up, above normal winter snow, additional snow andrain during the spring, heavy summer rains and several severe wind events all combined to orm the“perect storm”. In early May, 13 rivers or creeks across the province were at food stage includingthe Red, Assiniboine, Souris, Whitemud, Saskatchewan and Pembina rivers. All time record food peakswere experienced on locations on the Assiniboine River, on the Souris River and a number o smallerwaterways. Extremely high lake levels on Lake Manitoba combined with severe winds on May 31devastated lakeshore communities around the south basin o that lake.
At the height o the ood there were more than 7100 evacuees, primarily rom First Nations communities. As this report is beingprepared, nearly 2000 still remain out o their homes largely because they are uninhabitable.The physical strain and the emotional stress was too much or some to bear and the Regional Health Authority o Manitoba establisheda Psychosocial Flood Recovery Team to help people with issues they were acing.Three million acres o cultivated armland went unseeded in 2011. Tens o thousands o cattle had to be relocated. More than 650provincial and municipal roads were damaged, and nearly 600 bridges, disrupting transportation networks throughout the province. As this report is being prepared, costs associated with ood preparation, ood fghting, repair to inrastructure and disaster paymentshas reached at least $1.2 billion.In February o 2012, the Province announced the ormation o the Manitoba 2011 Flood Review Task Force. The Task Force wasdirected to examine many aspects o Manitoba’s historic 2011 ood, and to provide an overview to the Province o what happened,what worked and did not work, and what could be done better in the uture.Following is a brie description o the Task Force’s fndings under each o the nine Terms o Reerence. In addition, the Task Force hasincluded a discussion on the unique issues acing First Nations during the 2011 ood. All members o the Task Force participated inthe preparation o this report, withindividual members responsibleor investigating, researching andauthoring or co-authoring each othe Terms o Reerence.
Ater an intense and lengthyreview o the actions takenby the Province, and others,during the 2011 food, theTask Force has ormulated 126recommendations. A completelist o these recommendationsappears at the end o theExecutive Summary.
All time record ood peaks were experienced on the Assiniboine River, Souris River and many smaller streams.