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# Answer Scheme Exercise Topic 5

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07/08/2013

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Mathematics 2MTH1022Page
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Topic 5
–
Measures of central tendency and measures of dispersionUngrouped Data:
The quantities ordered (in million units) for the first 10 weeks for a certain product in Maziah Company aregiven as follows:14.25 19.00 11.00 28.00 24.00 23.00 43.20 14.00 27.00 25.00Find:
a.

Mean
̅






b.

Median11.00 14.00 14.25 19.00

23.00 24.00 25.00 27.00 28.00 43.20




c.

Mode
 

d.

Range
  

e.

Variance
x x^211.00 12114.00 19614.25 203.062519.00 36123.00 52924.00 57625.00 62527.00 72928.00 78443.20 1866.24228.45 5990.30


()



N  x x N
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Mathematics 2MTH1022Page
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f.

Standard deviation
√ 

g.

What is the shape of the distribution?Mean < Median22.85 < 23.5
negatively skewed or skew to the left.
Grouped Data (with class interval):
The table below shows the age of cars (in years) sold by a second-hand car dealer for the last two months:Age of car  Number of cars, f cumulativefrequency, F
midpoint, x fx x^2 fx^2
1
–
4 16 16 2.5
40 6.25 100
5
–
8 20 36 6.5
130 42.25 845
9
–
12 28 64 10.5
294 110.25 3087
13
–
16 24 88 14.5
348 210.25 5046
17
–
20 16 104 18.5
296 342.25 5476
21
–
24 11 115 22.5
247.5 506.25 5568.75
25
–
28 5 120 26.5
132.5 702.25 3511.25120 1488 1919.75 23634
Find:
a.

Mean



b.

MedianMedian class =


(observation)
median class = 9
–
12 (8.5
–
12.5)






c.

ModeMode class = 9
–
12 (8.5
–
12.5)
f   fx X

Mathematics 2MTH1022Page
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


()()


d.

Range
   



e.

Variance






f.

Standard deviation
√ 

g.

What is the shape of the distribution?Mean = 12.4Median = 11.93Mode = 11.17Mode < Median < Mean
positively skewed or skew to the right.
f   fx fx f
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