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Dealing with Distractors Lesson on Tests

Dealing with Distractors Lesson on Tests

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Students need to be able to determine which answer is best after
carefully reading all four answer choices in a multiple choice question.
Generally, a student can find and dismiss two or three answers that
are not correct but may need to choose the best answer if there are
two remaining choices. Students should be able to give a reason why
they chose a particular answer and why they didn’t choose others. For more educational related items, please visit http://www.lulu.com/spotlight/backacrewoods
Students need to be able to determine which answer is best after
carefully reading all four answer choices in a multiple choice question.
Generally, a student can find and dismiss two or three answers that
are not correct but may need to choose the best answer if there are
two remaining choices. Students should be able to give a reason why
they chose a particular answer and why they didn’t choose others. For more educational related items, please visit http://www.lulu.com/spotlight/backacrewoods

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Creative Concern Publications on Jul 08, 2013
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08/12/2013

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MINI-LESSONDEALING WITH DISTRACTORS
Rationale:
Students need to be able to determine which answer is best aftercarefully reading all four answer choices in a multiple choice question.Generally, a student can find and dismiss two or three answers thatare not correct but may need to choose the best answer if there aretwo remaining choices. Students should be able to give a reason whythey chose a particular answer
and why they didn’t choose others.
 
Lesson:
 
Whole Group (15-20 minutes)
Materials:Teachers
Slip, Slop, Slap /Sunny Sidebar
 
 –
FCAT 2006 Grade 3 Reading ReleasedTest (located at the end of the lesson)Document cameraAnchor charts
Answer and Evidence Chart
with the following title:
“Answer __ is
incorrect
 
because _____________.”
 
Answer and Evidence Chart
with the following title:
“Answer __ is
correct
because the text states
 _______________________________________”
 
Students:
Copy of 
Slip, Slop, Slap /Sunny Sidebar
 
 –
FCAT 2006 Grade 3 ReadingReleased Test (located at the end of the lesson)Student sheets prepared with the same information as the anchorchartsStudent work pairs
Warm Up/Introduction:
When we answer multiple choice questions, we must remember that often we can eliminate some answers as being incorrect right away 
because they don’t answer the question or only partially answer the
question. These answers are called DISTRACTORS and we need toeliminate them so that we can spend our time with the other answer choices in order to choose the BEST answer.
 
Lesson/Activity:Distribute the released test -
Slip, Slop, Slap/Sunny Sidebar
” 
to everystudent and explain that you are going to locate the distractors andfind the best answer to two of the items (questions). As the focus of this lesson is to look at the items carefully,read the passage aloud quickly and have all the students follow along.
 
 
After reading the passage, display Item 32 under the documentcamera.How does Bobby help his family?F.
 
He shares his large umbrellaG.
 
He packs plenty of cold drinks.H.
 
He tells them how to avoid skin cancer.I.
 
He teaches them how to stay cool at the beach.
Now let’s read the question and look at each possible answer.
 Answer F says that he shares his umbrella. If we go back into the story it states
only that Bobby was carrying an umbrella and doesn’t mention that it 
would help his family.
On our chart paper I’m going to write why 
 Answer F is a distractor.
Write: Answer F is
incorrect 
because Bobby only carried an umbrellain the story.
 Answer G states that Bobby packed plenty of cold drinks. This answer is not correct at all. The story states that the cold drinks were already in the car when Bobby came out of the house.
On our chart paper I’m
going to write why Answer G is a distractor.
Write: Answer G is
incorrect 
because the car was already packed witha cooler of cold drinks when Bobby came out of the house.
 Answer H states that Bobby tells his family how to avoid skin cancer. Ithink this answer may be correct but first let me look at answer I and make sure it 
isn’t the correct answer. Answer I states that he was going
to teach his family how to stay cool at the beach. When I go back intothe story I cannot find anywhere that Bobby mentions he is going tostay cool or help his family stay cool, so I know that answer I isincorrect.
On our chart paper I’m going to write why A
nswer I is adistractor.
Write: Answer I is
incorrect 
because Bobby never mentioned stayingcool at the beach.
On our chart paper I’m going t 
o write why Answer H is correct.
Write: Answer I is
correct 
because Bobby wanted to share what hehad learned at school about helping to prevent skin cancer
 –
slip on aT-shirt, slop on the sunscreen and slap on a hat.
Writing down the reasons three of the answers are incorrect and why only one is correct helps us to make sure we read the question carefully and really understand why we are choosing one particular answer. It also helps us because we have to go back into the passage and defend our choice.
 
After talking through Item
32, model the same ‘teacher talk’
with Item33.
Now let’s read 
item # 33
– 
 
it asks about the LAST step in Bobby’s plan
to protect himself from the sun. I know that the word LAST is very important because it is capitalized. Going
back into the story, let’s
read the last paragraph on the first page of the story:
“ 
Not really 
 ,” answered Bobby. “I’m going to
slip on a T-shirt, slop on thesunscreen, and slap on a hat. If I do, I will reduce my risk of getting skin
cancer when I’m an adult.” 
 
When I reread the steps in Bobby’ 
s plan, I realize that the LAST step is
to ‘slap on a hat’, therefore
 
I’m ready to look at the four possible
answers. As I look at the answers, I will write on the chart paper why Ichoose the answer I do.
Write: Answer B is
incorrect 
because although putting on a T-shirt ispart of the plan, it is not the LAST step.Write: Answer C is
incorrect 
because wearing long pants is not part of his plan.Write: Answer D is
incorrect 
because although putting on a sunscreenis part of the plan, it is not the LAST step.Write: Answer A is
correct 
because wearing a hat is the LAST step
 –
 
‘slap on a hat’.
 
 All the incorrect answer choices were distractors as they were all thingsmentioned in the passage, but only one answer was the BEST answer as it answered the question - the
LAST step in Bobby’s plan.
 
Try it Out:After modeling how to look for the BEST answer and eliminating thedistractors in items # 32 and # 33, ask the students to get with theirpartners and work through the rest of the items (# 34 - # 39). Whenthe student pairs have decided on the correct answers, ask them towrite their evidence on the prepared student sheets.Answers:# 34
 –
G, # 35
 –
A, # 36
 –
I, # 37
 –
C, # 38
 –
I, # 39 - CAfter the student pairs complete the remaining questions, have thestudents share their answers and evidence with the larger group. Theteacher could complete the large
‘Answer and Evidence C
harts
withthe student information.

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