to the analysed plastic strains so that the elastic part isrestricted to the rigid rotation
R
∗
. It is easy to showthat such form of the deformation gradient results in theadditive decomposition of the velocity gradient
L
intothe elastic spin
Ω
∗
, the plastic spin
Ω
p
and the rate of plastic deformation tensor
D
p
(the symmetric part of theplastic part of the velocity gradient)
L
=
Ω
∗
+
Ω
p
+
D
p
.
(2.1)It is generally accepted that during the elastic regimecrystallographic lattice and the material undergo thesame deformation while plastic deformation does not induce lattice motion which is described only by the elasticspin. Plastic deformation occurs by slip in the speciﬁedcrystallographic direction
m
on the speciﬁed crystallographic plane with the unit normal
n
. The number
M
andtype of slip systems
{
n
,
m
}
depend on the lattice type. Inthis paper the numerical simulations are performed forthe f.c.c. crystals with 12 slip systems
{
111
}
<
110
>
.The plastic part of the velocity gradient is then describedas follows
L
p
=
Ω
p
+
D
p
=
M
r
=
1
˙
γ
r
m
r
⊗
n
r
(2.2)In the classical S c h m i d multisurface plasticitythe slip on the considered slip system is initiated if theresolved shear stress
τ
r
=
m
r
·
σ
·
n
r
reaches the criticalvalue
τ
r c
being the material parameter. Instead of thisformulation the regularized S c h m i d law (the crystal plasticity with single yield surface) is used [12]. Inview of this model the crystallographic slip mechanismis activated when the following yield condition for theC a u c h y stress
σ
is fulﬁlled
f
(
σ
)
=
12
n
M
r
=
1
τ
r
τ
r c
2
n
−
m
=
0
,
(2.3)where
n
is the positive exponent and
m
is the materialparameter independent of the lattice orientation [7]. Therate of plastic deformation tensor is associated with thisyield condition
D
p
=
˙
λ
M
r
=
1
1
τ
r c
τ
r
τ
r c
2
n
−
1
P
r
(2.4)and for the plastic spin
Ω
p
the following speciﬁcation isused
Ω
p
=
˙
λ
M
r
=
1
1
τ
r c
τ
r
τ
r c
2
n
−
1
W
r
,
(2.5)where
P
r
and
W
r
are symmetric and skewsymmetricparts of
m
r
⊗
n
r
diad, respectively. Comparing the aboveﬂow rules with the kinematic description (2.2) one mayeasily identify that˙
γ
r
=
˙
λ
1
τ
r c
τ
r
τ
r c
2
n
−
1
.
(2.6)In its mathematical structure this model is similar to theratedependent formulation [4], however, the referencevelocity, which is the material parameter in the latterapproach, is here replaced by the plastic multiplier˙
λ
obtained from the consistency condition for the yieldsurface (2.3). The explicit formula for˙
λ
may be foundin [7]. In the case of deformation controlled process itmay be calculated from the formula˙
λ
=
D
p
M r
=
11
τ
r c
τ
r
τ
r c
2
n
−
1
P
r
,
where
A
=
√
A
·
A
=
A
ij
A
ij
.Slip occurs by motion of dislocations that have toovercome both shortrange and longrange obstacles. Accumulation of dislocations makes its further movementmore and more diﬃcult. This qualitative description of physical nature of slip is captured in the framework of crystal plasticity by the hardening rule for the critical resolved shear stress
τ
r c
. In this study we use the formulaproposed in [3]˙
τ
r c
=
M
q
=
1
h
rq

˙
γ
q

,
(2.7)where hardening matrix
h
rq
enables to account for thelatent and selfhardening by setting the parameter
q
1in its speciﬁcation
h
rq
=
h
q
(
q
+
(1
−
q
)
δ
rq
)
.
For the function
h
q
responsible for the selfhardening weassume the following equation [2]
h
q
=
h
o
1
−
τ
qc
τ
sat
β
(2.8)with the material parameters
{
h
o
,τ
qc
0
,τ
sat
,β
}
that have tobe identiﬁed in the experiments. Here
τ
r c
0
are the initialvalues of
τ
qc
.Most of the results discussed in this paper is obtained applying the presented model. The material parameters have been identiﬁed with use of the experimental results for polycrystalline copper reported in [9], [1].They have been obtained by ﬁtting the stressstrain curvefor the simple compression. More details concerning theidentiﬁcation procedure may be found in [14].