we‟ve used the correct formatting doesn‟t mean our statement is now definitely true.
This leads us to the idea of a
truth value
.(1)
Ex: Let the statement
be “Lizzy is a teacher”. Let the statement
be “Lizzy eatsstudents for breakfast”.
a.
What is the truth value of
? (T or F)
b.
What is the truth value of
(T or F)
c.
What is the truth value of
(T or F)
d.
What is the truth value of
? (T or F)
e.
What is the truth value of
? (T or F)
f.
Write the conditional statement
.
g.
What is the truth value of
h.
Write the negation of the conditional statement,
i.
What is the truth value of
?
(1)
A
truth table
helps us figure out the different combinations of truth values thatcan exist for a statement. Fill in the
truth table
for a statement and its negation:
(2)
The truth values of conditional statements can get a little tricky. Something thatcan help us understand the truth of conditional statements is called a
EulerDiagram
. It shows you physically how a conditional statement works. Consider
the statement “if it is snowing, then it is coldoutside.”
Notice how in order for it to be snowing,
it must also be cold outside
since the “it issnowing” circle is inside the “it is cold outside”
circle.
So if you want to draw a
Euler Diagram
for
,
is the inside circle and
is the outside circle.
Manipulations of Conditional Statements:
Now we are ready to examine the truthvalue of conditional statements and their manipulations.
Exercise 1:
Your parent says to you “if you get an A in geometry, then I will buy you anew graphing calculator.”
Let
be “you get an A in geometry”
Let
be “I will buy you a new graphing calculator”
Truth Value
A statement has only two states, either
true
or
false
.
Negation
You can reverse the state of a conditional statement by adding “not” to the conclusion.
This form of the statement is called
the negation
of the statement. We represent the
It issnowingIt is coldoutside