United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide(CPPCG). Article 2 of this convention defines genocide as "any of the following acts committed withintent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group,as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life, calculated to bring about its physical destructionin whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; [and] forciblytransferring children of the group to another group."Because of the influence of Joseph Stalin,
this definition of genocide under international law
does not include politicalgroups.
Another criticism of the CPPCG is that when its provisions have been invoked by the United NationsSecurity Council, they have only been invoked to punish those who have already committed genocideand
been foolish enough to leave a paper trail.
It was this criticism that led to the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1674 by the United Nations Security Council on 28 April 2006 commits the Council to action to protect civilians inarmed conflict and to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimesagainst humanity.Genocide scholars such as Gregory Stanton have postulated that conditions and acts that often occur before, during, and after genocide— such as dehumanization of victim groups, strong organization of genocidal groups, and denial of genocide by its perpetrators— can be identified and
actions taken to stop genocides before they happen.
Critics of this approach such as Dirk Moses assert that this is unrealistic and that, for example,
"Darfur will end when it suits the great powers that have a stakein the region".