A Preliminary Glossary of Ethnoveterinary Knowledge and Practices in Mbeere
Circulated at a meeting on
The Use of “Existing Local Knowledge”
, Rural Agriculture andPastoralism Programme, Intermediate Technology Development Group, Methodist GuestHouse, Nairobi, 16 March 1993
Glossary of Livestock Diseases and their TreatmentRuminants
, 7/-, "watery nasal discharge" [cattle, goats and sheep (and chickens)].This term describes a very watery nasal discharge. As well as describing a similar, andmore serious, condition in chickens, it can also be used to refer to a running nose inhumans.(
(5)/6, "hoof disease" (foot rot), [cattle, goats and sheep]The primary meaning of
is "hoof". In the plural it is also used as an alternative to
to a disease of the hooves (
mũrimũ wa mavũngũ
), most probably footrot. Affected animals have sores between their hooves and are unable to walk.
), 5/(6), "lung disease" (pneumonia, CCPP), [goats].The primary meaning of
is "lung", both human and animal. In the singular (but notthe plural) it is also used to refer to lung disease in goats (but not humans and other livestock, especially when post mortem examination reveals sores on the lungs of affectedanimals. In EMI ASAL Programme (ed, 1990: 10) this condition is identified as pneumonia, presumably mostly CCPP, Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia.
, 5/6, "boil, water or pus-filled swelling", [cattle, goats and sheep].Such boils or abscesses can develop anywhere on the body of the animal, including thelegs. They are said to be mature when the surrounding hair falls off and they can be seeneasily. Then they can be split with a knife, after which the problem disappears.Traditional belief holds that these boils form when animals are struck by
fruits, asthey might be by herdboys (or girls) when throwing them to keep the animals fromstraying.
(9/10) is the sodom apple, the fruit of
: these are verymuch liked by goats, though they are also very bitter. This belief is not universally held,however, and is asserted to be false by some informants. The name
can alsodescribe boils on humans, although
(9/10) is the more usual term for the latter.
, 12/-, "severe worm infestation" (helminthiasis), [goats and sheep].This is a condition in which an animal becomes very weak and bony even though it is fedwell. It is caused by infestations of worms which are found in the intestines and rumen of 1