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IEC/TS 61994-4-2
Edition 2.0
Piezoelectric, dielectric and electrostatic devices and associated materials for frequency control, selection and detection –
lossary –Part 4-2: Piezoelectric and dielectric materials – Piezoelectric ceramicsDispositifs piézoélectriques, diélectriques et électrostatiques et matériauxassociés pour la commande, le choix et la détection de la fréquence –
lossaire –Partie 4-2 : Matériaux piézoélectriques et diélectriques – Céramiquespiézoélectriques
ICS 01.040.31; 31.140PRICE CODECODE PRIXISBN 978-2-88912-374-2
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical CommissionMarque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
2 TS 61994-4-2 © IEC:2011
GLOSSARY –Part 4-2: Piezoelectric and dielectric materials –Piezoelectric ceramics
1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprisingall national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promoteinternational co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. Tothis end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IECPublication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interestedin the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closelywith the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined byagreement between the two organizations.2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an internationalconsensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from allinterested IEC National Committees.3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC NationalCommittees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IECPublications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for anymisinterpretation by any end user.4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publicationstransparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergencebetween any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated inthe latter.5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformityassessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for anyservices carried out by independent certification bodies.6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts andmembers of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) andexpenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IECPublications.8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications isindispensable for the correct application of this publication.9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
The main task of IEC technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Inexceptional circumstances, a technical committee may propose the publication of a technicalspecification when
the required support cannot be obtained for the publication of an International Standard,despite repeated efforts, or 
the subject is still under technical development or where, for any other reason, there is thefuture but no immediate possibility of an agreement on an International Standard.Technical specifications are subject to review within three years of publication to decidewhether they can be transformed into International Standards.
TS 61994-4-2 © IEC:2011 3 IEC 61994-4-2, which is a technical specification, has been prepared by IEC technicalcommittee 49: Piezoelectric, dielectric
and electrostatic devices and associated materials for frequency control, selection
and detection.This second edition of IEC 61994-4-2 cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2003This edition constitutes a technical revision.The main changes with respect to the previous edition are : – definitions updated; – terminology given in orderly sequence; – drawing inserted for easier understanding the vibration modes.The text of this technical specification is based on the following documents:
Enquiry draft Report on voting49/924/DTS 49/932/RVC
Full information on the voting for the approval of this technical specification can be found inthe report on voting indicated in the above table.This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. A list of all parts of IEC 61994 under the general title
Piezoelectric, dielectric and electrostatic devices and associated materials for frequency control, selection and detection –Glossary 
can be found on the IEC website.Future standards in this series will carry the new general title as cited above. Titles of existingstandards in this series will be updated at the time of the next edition.The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged untilthe stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the datarelated to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
transformed into an International standard,
replaced by a revised edition, or 
1The general title is changed from
Piezoelectric and dielectric devices for frequency control and selection –Glossary 
: to this title based on the change of the title of TC49 in 2009.

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