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PM4DEV Project Scope Management

PM4DEV Project Scope Management

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Published by Paola Diaz
Scope Management . includes the processes required to ensure that the project includes all the work required, and only the work required to complete the project successfully. Project scope management’s primary concern is with defining and controlling what is and is not included in the project. Scope is the description of the boundaries of the project and helps define the expectations of what the project will achieve.
Scope Management . includes the processes required to ensure that the project includes all the work required, and only the work required to complete the project successfully. Project scope management’s primary concern is with defining and controlling what is and is not included in the project. Scope is the description of the boundaries of the project and helps define the expectations of what the project will achieve.

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Published by: Paola Diaz on May 12, 2009
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10/19/2013

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ProjectScopeManagement
PROJECTMANAGEMENT FORDEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS
pm4dev, 2008 –management for development series ©
 
Project Scope Managementwww.pm4dev.com
PROJECT MANAGEMENT FORDEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS
A methodology to manage developmentprojects for international humanitarianassistance and relief organizations
 
© PM4DEV 2008Our eBook is provided free of charge on the condition that it is not copied, modified, published,sold, re-branded, hired out or otherwise distributed for commercial purposes. Please giveappropriate citation credit to the authors and to PM4DEV.Feel free to distribute this eBook to any one you like, including peers, managers andorganizations to assist in their project management activities.
 
Project Scope Managementwww.pm4dev.com
PROJECT SCOPE MANAGEMENT
Scope is the description of the boundaries of the project. It defineswhat the project will deliver and what it will not deliver. Scope is theview all stakeholders have from the project; it is a definition of thelimits of the project. Project Scope Management includes the processesrequired to ensure that the project includes all the work required, andonly the work required to complete the project successfully. Projectscope management’s primary concern is with defining and controllingwhat is and is not included in the project.One of the leading causes for project failures is poor management of the project scope, either because the project manager did not spendenough time defining the work, there was not an agreement on thescope by stakeholders, or there was a lack of scope managementwhich leads to adding work not authorized or budgeted to the project,this is known as scope creep. Scope creep, or the uncontrolledchanges in a project's scope, is the tendency of a project to includemore tasks than originally specified, which often leads to higher thanplanned project costs and an extension of the project end date.The purpose of scope change management is to protect the viability of the approved Project Contract (or agreement) and the approvedProject Logical Framework (Logframe). In other words, the ProjectContract defines the overall scope of the project, and the Logframewhich establish a causal link between inputs, processes, outputs,outcomes and objectives of the project.It is not possible to assume there will be no changes during the life of the project. For example, changes may come from the beneficiarieswho want additional deliverables, then the initial estimates for budget,and schedule may no longer be valid. If the donor agrees to includethe new work into the project scope, the project manager has the rightto expect that the current budget and deadline will be modified(usually increased) to reflect this additional work. This new estimatedcost, effort and duration now become the approved target.All changes to the project scope must be approved by managementand the donor; this is one of the principal requirements for scopemanagement.This is not to say the objective of scope management is to avoid anychanges to the initial agreement; development projects, due to their

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