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Personality Theories

Personality Theories

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Published by: 1234567895r on May 12, 2009
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07/22/2013

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INTERNATIONAL ISLAMICUNIVERSITY ISLAMABAD (Women Campus)
PSYCHOLOGY 
 ASSIGNMENT
 Theories of Personality
Submitted to:
MS TAMKEEN
Submitted by:
SUMAIRA YOUSUFLAILA FARIDIRUM ASIFAMNA TAYABBEENISH HAYATMUZNA REHMAN
 
 
CONTENTS
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Personality Theories by SigmundFreud
(1856-1939)
 Structural Model 
(ID, EGO, SUPEREGO)
 
According to Freud, we are born with our 
ID
. The id is an important part of our  personality because as newborns, it allows us to get our basic needs met. Freud believedthat the id is based on our pleasure principle. In other words, the id wants whatever feelsgood at the time, with no consideration for the reality of the situation. When a child ishungry, the id wants food, and therefore the child cries. When the child needs to bechanged, the id cries, when the child is uncomfortable, in pain, too hot, too cold, or justwants attention, the id speaks up until his or her needs are met.The id doesn't care about reality, about the needs of anyone else, only its ownsatisfaction. If you think about it, babies are not real considerate of their parents' wishes.They have no care for time, whether their parents are sleeping, relaxing, eating dinner, or  bathing. When the id wants something, nothing else is important.Within the next three years, as the child interacts more and more with the world, thesecond part of the personality begins to develop. Freud called this part the
. Theego is based on the reality principle. The ego understands that other people have needsand desires and that sometimes being impulsive or selfish can hurt us in the long run. It’sthe ego's job to meet the needs of the id, while taking into consideration the reality of thesituation.3

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