Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more ➡
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Add note
Save to My Library
Sync to mobile
Look up keyword
Like this
0Activity
×
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
PropIntro(v1.2)

PropIntro(v1.2)

Ratings: (0)|Views: 58|Likes:
Published by Nick Numlk
p
p

More info:

categoriesTypes, School Work
Published by: Nick Numlk on Jul 09, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See More
See less

07/09/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 Naval Postgraduate School Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering Monterey, California
EC3630 Radiowave Propagation 
OVERVIEW OF ELECTROMAGNETICWAVE PROPAGATION
 by Professor David Jenn
(
vesion1.2)
 
1
 Naval Postgraduate School Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering Monterey, California
Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves
Radiating systems must operate in a complex changing environment that interacts with propagating electromagnetic waves. Commonly observed propagation effects are depicted below.
TRANSMITTER RECEIVER EARTHIONOSPHERE12345SATELLITE1 DIRECT2 REFLECTED3 TROPOSCATTER 4 IONOSPHERIC HOP5 SATELLITE RELAY6 GROUND WAVE6
SPACEWAVESKYWAVE
Troposphere: lower regions of the atmosphere (less than 10 km)Ionosphere: upper regions of the atmosphere (50 km to 1000 km)Effects on waves: reflection, refraction, diffraction, attenuation, scattering, anddepolarization.
 
2
 Naval Postgraduate School Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering Monterey, California
Survey of Propagation Mechanisms (1)
There are may propagation mechanisms by which signals can travel between thetransmitter and receiver. Except for line-of-sight (LOS) paths, their effectiveness isgenerally a strong function of the frequency and transmitter-receiver geometry andfrequency.1. direct path or "line of sight" (most radars; SHF links from ground to satellites)
SURFACETXRX
oo
2. direct plus earth reflections or "multipath" (UHF broadcast; ground-to-air and air-to-air communications)
SURFACETXRX
oo
3. ground wave (AM broadcast; Loran C navigation at short ranges)
SURFACETXRX
oo

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->